The 24-year-old Calgarian battled through challenging weather conditions to slide to her third medal of the season. The two-time Olympian clocked a two-run time of one minute 42.630 seconds.
"I’m very happy with the result, but I would have liked to have been closer to first and second,” said Gough. "This was the first race of the season where I was trying to have a repeat performance from last year rather than improving and I was able to accomplish that.”
Gough was also third in Konigssee one year ago during a breakout season where she had one victory and three bronze medals on the World Cup. She also raced to a third-place finish at the world championships.
Geisenberger made a mistake in the penultimate turn and skidded sideways to deliver Huefner her 30th career World Cup win.
The German pair of Tobias Wendl and Tobias Arlt won the men's doubles with a course-record time of 1:41.172. Olympic champions Andreas and Wolfgang Linger of Austria finished second in 1:41.406 while Toni Eggert and Sascha Benecken of Germany were third in 1:41.829.
Gough, who was fourth after her first run, now has two bronze medals this season. She reached the top of the podium in Calgary last month when she became the first Canadian to win a luge World Cup race on home ice.
Hufner won the race in 1:41.900 while Geisenberger was right behind in 1:42.074.
“The weather changed between the doubles and the women’s race, and I ended up not on an ideal setup for the conditions,” said Gough. “However, I pulled good starts and I had a good first run so I was in a pretty good place. I made a couple of small mistakes on the second run and was able to move up to third.”
Calgary’s Arianne Jones was seventh in 1:43.185. Kim McRae was 13th in 1:43.739 and Dayna Clay, also of Calgary, was 19th in 1:44.362.
The lone Canadian entry in the doubles, Tristan Walker of Cochrane, Alta., and Justin Snith of Calgary, were eighth in 1:42.517.
The World Cup continues Friday with the men’s singles and team relay events.
With files from The Associated Press.