The home of the oil sands is the richest municipality in Canada, according to new data from Statistics Canada.

The median family in Fort McMurray, Alberta -- officially known as the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo -- had an income of $169,790 in 2010, StatsCan reported Wednesday. That means there are as many families or households in Fort McMurray that have an income above that number as there are below.

It’s a stunningly high number, some 32 per cent higher than the second-wealthiest municipality in Canada -- Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, with a median family income of $128,810.

PHOTOS: THE 10 RICHEST BIG CITIES IN CANADA

Much of this phenomenon can be attributed to the resource wealth boom in western and northern Canada, and the fact few people are willing to relocate to remote places -- which drives up salaries for the professionals needed in those communities.

Notably, all 10 of the wealthiest small towns are in western Canada, a reflection of the growing imbalance between regional economies across the country.

PHOTOS: THE 10 RICHEST SMALL CITIES AND TOWNS IN CANADA

By comparison, Canada’s large cities aren’t nearly as wealthy. The wealthiest of them, the Ottawa-Gatineau region, had a median family income of $90,790. Although Calgary and Edmonton made the list, the country’s three largest metropolitan areas -- Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver -- did not.

Among larger cities, the biggest gains in family income were found in Guelph, Ontario (up 2.1 per cent from the previous year), while Vancouver saw the biggest drop -- down 2.5 per cent.

Among smaller towns and cities, Sept-Iles, Quebec saw the biggest jump (up 5.8 per cent) and Kitimat, B.C., saw the biggest decline (down 7.3 per cent).

THE 10 RICHEST BIG CITIES IN CANADA

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  • 10. Kingston, Ont. - $77,140

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 9. Victoria, B.C. - $77,820

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 8. St. John's, Newfoundland - $78,210

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 7. Saskatoon, Sask. - $80,570

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 6. Oshawa, Ont. - $82,270

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 5. Guelph, Ont. - $82,560

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 4. Regina, Sask. - $84,890

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 3. Edmonton, Alta. - $87,930

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 2. Calgary, Alta. - $89,490

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 1. Ottawa, Ont. - $90,790

    Number represents median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

THE 10 RICHEST SMALL CITIES AND TOWNS IN CANADA

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  • 10. Whitehorse, Yukon - $92,690

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 9. Cold Lake, Alta. - $94,980

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 8. Thompson, Man. - $95,580

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 7. Grande Prairie, Alta. - $95,620

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 6. Lloydminster, Sask. - $96,280

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 5. Fort St, John, B.C. - $96,510

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 4. Okotoks, Alta. - $101,670

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 3. Estevan, Sask. - $106,680

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan <em><strong>CORRECTION</strong>: An earlier image showed a small community outside Estevan. This slideshow has been updated.</em>

  • 2. Yellowknife, N.W.T. - $128,810

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan

  • 1. Fort McMurray (Wood Buffalo), Alta. - $169,970

    Numbers represent median family income for 2010. Source: StatsCan