Energy Minister Ken Hughes made the an announcement Friday in Calgary.
The review will look at how pipeline integrity is managed, how safety of pipes crossing water is ensured and how responses to pipeline incidents are handled.
The review will be done in conjunction with the Energy Resources Conservation Board and is expected to take months, not years to complete.
Dozens of environmental, landowner, First Nations and labour groups have asked the Alberta government for an independent review into pipeline safety.
There have been three pipeline leaks in Alberta this year, including 475,000 litres of oil spilled into the Red Deer River, a major drinking water source in central Alberta.