Conservative Party lawyer Arthur Hamilton says a challenge of the 2011 federal election results in seven Conservative ridings is a "zero-sum game" being fought by people who can't accept the fact the Conservatives won the last election.

Hamilton was arguing in Federal Court in Ottawa Tuesday, where a group of voters backed by the Council of Canadians are alleging a systematic campaign of voter suppression took place during the last federal election.

"All they are doing is saying, 'I want another election'," Hamilton said later in an interview outside the court.

"Because it's a zero-sum game, and it's the applicant that's bringing this forward, it's not in the public interest, it's a very narrow interest to defeat the person who won the election in favour of having a new election."

The challengers claim that live calls and robocalls purporting to be from Elections Canada directed non-Conservative voters to the wrong polls, and that a small but significant number of voters in their ridings didn't vote as a result — and they want the results in those ridings thrown out.

The seven Conservative MPs whose election victories are being challenged are asking that $260,000 be set aside by the applicants to help cover their legal fees.

The Canada Elections Act specifies that $1,000 is all a voter need put up in order to contest an election in court, however the Act does allow some leeway for that amount to be increased.

If the court grants the MPs' request, the deposit would ostensibly be borne by the Council of Canadians, whose lawyers are representing the seven voters.

Council of Canadians lawyer Steven Shrybman argued Tuesday that the voters challenging the results don't stand to gain anything, but are fighting for democracy in the public interest.

Public interest

Shrybman told the court it would impede access to justice if voters are required to deposit large amounts of money in order to contest an election. The Canada Elections Act states that "any" voter can challenge the results of an election if there are grounds to do so.

He also argued that its clients are public-interest litigants and money raised for a defence fund for them comes from donors' pockets with no hope of a tax receipt, unlike the Conservative MPs, whose legal bills are being paid by the Conservative Party, which can issue generous tax receipts.

"They're asking the court to order that the individual applicants who have come forward in the public interest actually post security for costs in the aggregate amount of $260,000," said Shrybman in a interview. "That would likely crush the life out of these applications."

But Hamilton noted the voters in this case aren't paying their own fees; rather, he said, the COC has promised to cover all their costs.

In an interview, Hamilton said that the COC has "infinitively more avenues to raise that money. There's circumstances where unions are looking to park their money, so big labour, as a sponsor of the Council of Canadians, would be looking for other places to park their money to become engaged in the political debate of the day."

Hamilton also argued the COC has produced only one witness in all seven ridings who says that he or she didn't vote because of a misleading phone call. The other voters in the case have all filed affidavits saying they received misleading or harassing calls but don't say they didn't vote as a result.

The Canada Elections Act specifies that fraudulent activity must be shown to have affected the results of an election if the results are to be thrown out.

The federal court reserved judgment on the motion about security deposits until further notice. The case itself that will decide the fate of the seven incumbent MPs will be heard in federal court on Dec. 10.

The seven ridings where election results are being contested are: Don Valley East and Nipissing-Timiskaming in Ontario; Elmwood-Transcona and Winnipeg South Centre in Manitoba; Saskatoon-Rosetown-Biggar in Saskatchewan; Vancouver Island North in B.C.; and Yukon.

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  • It has been just over a year since the last federal election, one that has become known almost as much for allegations of electoral fraud in Guelph, Ont., as for the way it redrew the House of Commons.<br><br> <a href="" target="_hplink">Investigators are now looking into calls wrongly claiming to be from Elections Canada that redirected voters to a polling station they couldn't use</a>. It's illegal both to interfere with a person's right to vote and to impersonate Elections Canada.<br><br> A year later, here's what we do know, according to court documents and information provided in interviews:<br><br> <strong><em>With files from CBC.</em></strong><br><br> (CP)

  • 1. Probe Started Early

    Elections Canada investigator Al Mathews started looking into complaints in Guelph on May 5, 2011, three days after the election that saw reports of illicit phone calls. The winning candidate in the riding, Liberal <a href="" target="_hplink">Frank Valeriote, compiled a list of almost 80 names</a> of people complaining about the calls. News of the investigation didn't break until Feb. 22, 2012. (Thinkstock)

  • 2. RackNine

    All political parties use automated robocalls and live calls to identify voter support and contact people during a campaign. <a href="" target="_hplink">The campaign of Guelph Conservative candidate Marty Burke used RackNine</a>, a company that offers voice broadcasting services, to make legitimate robocalls to campaign supporters. The person who made the fraudulent robocalls also used RackNine. (Alamy)

  • 3. Pierre Poutine

    The <a href="" target="_hplink">person who made the calls used a disposable, or burner, cellphone, registered to a "Pierre Poutine."</a> The RackNine charges were paid via PayPal using prepaid credit cards, purchased at two Shoppers Drug Mart stores in Guelph. Shoppers Drug Mart doesn't keep its security camera videos long enough to see who bought the cards more than a year ago. (Alamy)

  • 4. IP Traced

    <a href="" target="_hplink">Elections Canada traced the IP address used to access RackNine</a> on election day and send the fraudulent message. Mathews got a court order for Rogers, the company that provided the internet service to that IP address, to provide the customer information that matches that address, on March 20, 2012. (Alamy)

  • 5. Andrew Prescott Linked To Poutine IP

    <a href="" target="_hplink">Pierre Poutine and Burke campaign worker Andrew Prescott (pictured here with Tony Clement) accessed their RackNine accounts using the same IP address</a>. On election day, they accessed their RackNine accounts from the same IP address within four minutes of each other, Mathews says in documents filed in court.

  • 6. But Accounts Don't Match

    A court document lists the billing account numbers for the customer information provided by Rogers to Mathews. <a href="" target="_hplink">Those accounts don't match</a> the number found on the Burke campaign's Rogers invoices submitted to Elections Canada, suggesting RackNine wasn't accessed through a computer in the Burke campaign office.

  • 7. Misleading Calls Discussed?

    Two Conservative staffers, accompanied by the party's lawyer, told Mathews they overheard <a href="" target="_hplink">Michael Sona (pictured here with Stephen Harper), another Burke campaign worker, talking about "making a misleading poll moving call."</a> Sona, who stepped down from a job in the office of Conservative MP Eve Adams when the story broke, has previously said he had nothing to do with the misleading calls.

  • 8. Poutine Used Tory Database?

    Arthur Hamilton, the Conservative Party's lawyer, told Mathews the list of phone numbers uploaded to RackNine by Pierre Poutine appeared to be a list of identified non-Conservative supporters, with data on it that was updated in <a href="" target="_hplink">CIMS, the party's database</a>, days before the election. The CBC's Terry Milewski had reported a similar pattern after sifting through complaints in 31 ridings.

  • 9. Deluge Of Complaints

    <a href="" target="_hplink">News coverage led to 40,000 people contacting Elections Canada one way or another</a> -- whether to report a misdirecting call or by signing an online petition to express concern that it had happened -- chief electoral officer Marc Mayrand told a parliamentary committee in April. There are now specific allegations in almost 200 ridings by 800 people.