— Canada home to 9,389,700 "census families" — married or common-law couples, or single parents — in 2011, 5.5 per cent more than in 2006.
— For the first time, there were more common-law couples in Canada — 16.7 per cent of all census families — than single-parent families, at 16.3 per cent.
— Same-sex marriage nearly tripled between 2006 and 2011 as same-sex couples grew by 42.4 per cent. Same-sex common-law couples grew 15 per cent, compared with 13.8 per cent for opposite-sex common-law couples.
— Common-law couples increased 13.9 per cent between 2006 and 2011, compared with 3.1 per cent for married couples over the same time period.
— Single fathers grew by 16.2 per cent, compared with six per cent for single mothers, as lone-parent families grew eight per cent since 2006. Single mothers still comprise 80 per cent of single-parent families.
— Stepfamilies, counted for the first time in 2011, comprised 12.6 per cent of Canada's 3.7 million couples with children. Nearly 60 per cent were "simple" stepfamilies — families in which the children are the biological or adopted offspring of only one parent.
— The census counted 29,590 foster children aged 14 and under living in private households.
— Ten per cent of all children aged 14 or under living in private households were members of a stepfamily.
— The number of couples without children at home (44.5 per cent) continued to outpace those couples with kids living at home (39.2 per cent).