The Quebec inquiry into corruption in the construction industry has for the first time heard allegations that a construction boss corrupted a senior elected official at Montreal city hall.
Elio Pagliarulo, the owner of the Pâtisseries Pagel bakery franchise, told the Charbonneau commission Monday that Frank Zampino – the former right-hand man to Mayor Gérald Tremblay – received a total of $555,000 to facilitate a controversial land deal known as the Faubourg Contrecoeur affair.
He went on to describe a system of kickbacks, intimidation and threats by his one-time close friends and business associates in a loansharking scheme — construction company entrepreneur Paolo Catania and his father Francesco Catania.
Pagliarulo testified how Paolo Catania paid just $5 million for land in east end Montreal valued at $50 million, with the help of Frank Zampino.
He said in a deal worked out with Zampino, Catania agreed to pay $20 million for the vast tract of land, minus $15 million — the amount it would ostensibly cost to decontaminate that land.
In fact, he said, the land did not need to be decontaminated at all, but Catania was able to obtain a false report claiming it was polluted.
Pagliarulo said Catania stood to make $80 million in profit over ten years on the residential and commercial development, and in return for Zampino's help, the city politician received three payments of $100,000.
He said Catania also renovated Zampino's kitchen, at a cost of $250,000, and gave him another $5,000 for his birthday.
He testified that all of this money was considered as payment in the Faubourg Contrecoeur scheme.
Pagliarulo also said the former president of Montreal's affordable housing corporation (SHDM), Martial Fillion, played a key role in the Contrecoeur affair, by guaranteeing loans for some 200 properties.
Mafia got routine cut, Pagliarulo says
Pagliarulo said Paolo and Frank Catania told him that they belonged to Vito Rizzuto's crime family, and he testified that Montreal's Mafia routinely took a five per cent cut on rigged construction projects.
He named a long list of construction firms that he said colluded to hike the cost of construction contracts for the city of Montreal, including Frank Catania and associates, Catcan, Garnier Construction, BP Asphalte, Mirabeau, Tallarita, Mivela, and Infrabec — the now-bankrupt firm owned by Lino Zambito.
He said all of those firms were founded by people from the same Italian village as the Rizzuto clan, Cattolica Eraclea.
City inspectors allegedly paid off, too
Pagliarulo said Catania also paid off city inspectors, to get approval for cost overruns — routinely handing out $5,000 to $25,000 in cash.
He said Catania was known as "Mr. Extra" because of those overruns — a name he allegedly wore with some pride, referring to himself that way.
He named Luc Leclerc, a former engineer for the city of Montreal, as one of the inspectors that Catania paid off.
Pagliarulo accused Catania of extortion in 2009
Pagliarulo began his testimony Monday describing his close friendship with Paolo Catania, whom he described as his best friend and confidante for 15 years, until a disagreement in 2008-2009.
He said he'd run a loansharking business with the Catanias, taking a 65 per cent cut from what he collected and turning over 30 per cent to Paolo Catania and five per cent to Frank Catania.
Pagliarulo testified his relationship with the Catanias went sour in late 2008 after three borrowers left the scheme without paying their debts. Pagliarulo was left owing Paolo Catania $1,377,727.
Pagliarulo said he was beaten and left with multiple fractures to his face after Catania's associates abducted him and held him for nearly three hours on Aug. 1, 2009.
At the time, Paolo Catania publicly denied the accusations, and the charges against him were later dropped in 2010 for lack of evidence.
"If I was his best friend at that time, and he did what he did to me, you can just imagine what he can do to a stranger," Pagliarulo told the commission. "Father and son don't mess around. In the community, you don't mess around with those two people."
"They're very connected to a crime family. It's known in the Italian community or in the community in Quebec that you don't fool around with them," he repeated.
The witness told the Charbonneau commission that Catania had once asked Pagliarulo to burn trucks owned by Garnier Construction, because the two construction bosses were in a dispute over the awarding of contracts. Pagliarulo said he told Catania he could "find someone," but the plan was never carried out.
Paolo Catania was arrested by Quebec’s Permanent Anti-Corruption Unit (UPAC) last May, in the same sweep in which former city politician Frank Zampino was picked up.
In police surveillance video presented before the Charbonneau commission, Catania was seen greeting mob bosses at a Christmas party held at the Consenza Social Club in 2005.
Quebec's corruption inquiry has heard an exhaustive history of the Italian Mafia -- how it was created, how it got into the construction business, and how pervasive it is. One witness, Italian-born criminology PhD Valentina Tenti, shared a document recovered by Italian police that purports to hold the "Ten Commandments" of the Sicilian Mafia, known the "Cosa Nostra" (Our Thing). <em>With files from The Canadian Press</em>
10. No Easy Meetings
No one can present himself directly to one of our friends ("amico nostro"). There must be a third party to do it.
9. Never Look At The Wives Of Friends.
8. Never Be Seen With Cops
7. Don't Go To Pubs And Clubs
6. Stay Available ALWAYS
Always being available for Cosa Nostra is a duty -- even if your wife is about to give birth.
5. Appointments Must Absolutely Be Respected.
4. Wives Must Be Treated With Respect
3. Be Truthful
When asked for any information, the answer must be the truth.
2. Respect The Cash
Money cannot be taken if it belongs to others or to other families.
1. Keep It Exclusive
People who can't be part of Cosa Nostra: Anyone who has a close relative in the police, anyone with a traitor for a relative, anyone who behaves badly and doesn't hold to moral values.