OTTAWA - With apple season and fall fairs in full swing, Health Canada is reminding people that unpasteurized cider and other fruit juices can sometimes be contaminated with harmful bacteria such as salmonella and E. coli.

These parasites or bacteria can make vulnerable individuals, like children under age five, very ill, and can even lead to death.

Pregnant women, older adults and people with a weakened immune system should also avoid drinking unpasteurized products, Health Canada said in a release.

Unpasteurized juice products can be found at some farmers markets, orchards, cider mills, roadside stands and juice bars.

Most juice sold in Canada is safe as it has been pasteurized (treated with heat or ultraviolet light) to kill harmful microorganisms. This includes most of the juice sold in refrigerated display cases, juice from concentrate and all shelf-stable products that are packaged in cans, bottles and juice boxes, which can be found unrefrigerated on grocery store shelves.

Most adults won't get seriously ill from drinking unpasteurized juice products, but vulnerable groups face more danger. This becomes more of a concern during the harvest season because schools often take students to orchards as part of class field trips, Health Canada notes.

First symptoms of a food-borne illness can include stomach cramps, vomiting, fever and diarrhea and can occur within two to 10 days of consuming contaminated food. People who experience any of these symptoms should contact their doctors immediately.

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  • Trader Joe's Pulls 'Butter Chicken with Basmati Rice' Over Listeria Risk

    In early December, Trader Joe's announced that the producer behind its <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/03/trader-joes-recall-butter-chicken_n_2231507.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">"Trader Joe's Butter Chicken with Basmati Rice" was recalling 4,865 pounds of the product</a> because they may be contaminated with Listeria. The product was distributed nationwide, to stores in New York, Massachusetts, Virginia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, North Carolina, Connecticut, Florida, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Maine and Rhode Island.

  • Fresh Express Recalls Spinach Packages Over Salmonella Risk

    Salad distributor Fresh Express voluntarily recalled 9 oz. packages of spinach in November because they may be <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/08/fresh-express-spinach-recall_n_2094286.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">tainted with salmonella bacteria</a>. The packages were sold to stores in Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State and Wyoming.

  • Wegmans Recalls Spinach And Spring Mix Salad Following E. Coli Outbreak

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/02/wegmans-salad-recall-e-coli_n_2063939.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">Sixteen cases of E. coli were linked to organic spinach and spring mix salads from Wegmans</a>, which in early November recalled 5 and 11-ounce packages of the products.

  • Publix Pulls 45 Cake Varieties From Florida Shelves

    In November, Publix supermarkets in several Florida counties pulled 45 varieties of cake from shelves because of fears they may have been <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/16/publix-cake-recall_n_2146833.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">contaminated with Listeria bacteria</a>.

  • Smoked Salmon The Culprit In Widespread Salmonella Outbreak

    Authorities in the Netherlands said in October that tainted <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/02/smoked-salmon-salmonella_n_1931940.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">smoked salmon is the cause of a salmonella outbreak that sickened hundreds of people</a>. The same product may also be responsible for a multi-state outbreak in the U.S.

  • Kellogg's Recalls Millions Of Mini-Wheats Boxes

    In October, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/11/kelloggs-mini-wheats-recall_n_1957487.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">Kellogg's announced the recall of millions of boxes of Mini-Wheats cereal</a> after reports of pieces of metal mesh found within by some consumers. A "faulty manufacturing part" was reportedly to blame.

  • Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Found In Pork Samples

    An investigation by Consumer Reports found that a shockingly high proportion of pork sold in grocery stores tested positive for potentially harmful bacteria. About 69 percent of the pork chop and ground pork samples tested <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/27/pork-investigation-consumer-reports_n_2197316.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">contained Yersinia enterocolitica bacteria, which sickens about 100,000 people a year</a>. Most of the bacteria found was resistant to at least one form of antibiotic.

  • McDonald's Location Implicated In Rare Salmonella Outbreak

    A McDonald's eatery in Bloomington, Ill. was <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/27/mcdonalds-bloomington-salmonella_n_2197920.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">linked to a string of salmonella sickenings</a> involving several restaurants between October 18 and November 11. It closed down as investigators tested every employee. Those who fell ill were sick for about a week with a particularly nasty strain -- Salmonella Stanley -- which is rare outside of Southeast Asia.

  • Sunland Linked To Widespread Salmonella Outbreak, Plant Shuttered

    In November, the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/26/sunland-peanut-butter-plant-fda_n_2194620.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety" target="_hplink">FDA shuttered Sunland Inc.'s plant</a> months after it was first implicated in a widespread salmonella outbreak that sickened 41 people in 20 states. Peanut and other nut butters sold at chains including Trader Joe's, Whole Foods, Safeway and Target.

  • Canadian Beef In E. Coli Enter U.S. Markets

    In September, the USDA reported that ground beef part of a nationwide Canadian recall for E. coli contamination had <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/21/ground-beef-canada-e-coli_n_1903482.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">found its way into the U.S.</a> The beef, which was originally produced by Alberta-based company XL Foods, was distributed in California, Michigan, Nebraska, Oregon, Texas, Utah and Wisconsin.

  • Kroger Pulls Spinach Bags In 15 States Over Listeria Risk

    In September, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/19/spinach-listeria-recall-kroger_n_1897855.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">Kroger recalled 10 oz. bags of packaged spinach</a> that had been distributed in 15 states, citing a potential Listeria contamination.

  • Undercover Report Finds Illegal Rat Meat Sold In London Market

    An undercover investigation led by the BBC found "<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/18/rat-meat-london_n_1891832.html">shocking quantities" of "potentially unsafe" rat meat</a> sold at one of London's most popular markets, Ridley Road Market. Large quantities of other illegal bushmeat were also for sale.

  • Egg Farm Manager Pleads Guilty To Bribing USDA Inspector

    Former egg farm manager Tony Wasmund plead guilty in September to <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/12/tony-wasmund-bribery-egg-farm-salmonella_n_1877784.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">conspiring to bribe a USDA inspector</a> to allow the sale of unapproved eggs. The farm at which Wasmund worked, DeCoster Farms in Iowa City, Iowa, was blamed for a salmonella outbreak that sickened about 2,000 people.

  • KFC Employees Claim Eatery Sold Expired Meat

    In September, workers at a Conroe, Tex. KFC said they <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/12/kfc-spoiled-chicken-conroe-texas_n_1876870.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">sold expired chicken</a>. The meat was allegedly six days past the date at which it was supposed to have been thrown out.

  • Three Deaths Linked To Listeria-Tainted Rescolina Ricotta

    In September, it was announced that <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/12/listeria-cheese_n_1876930.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">14 hospitalizations and three deaths were linked to Listeria-tainted cheese</a> imported from Italy. Frescolina brand Ricotta Salata was recalled by distributor Forever Cheese Inc. following reports.

  • 16-State Salmonella Outbreak Traced To Mexican Mangos

    In August, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/31/mango-salmonella-outbreak_n_1846116.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">more than 100 people across 16 states reportedly were sickened with salmonella after eating mangos</a>. In September, the Food and Drug Administration detained mango imports from a Mexican packing house after the fruits were <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/14/mexican-mango-salmonella-imports_n_1885418.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">linked to the sickenings</a>.

  • 2,920 Pounds Of Beef Recalled For Pen Fragments

    In August, Wisconsin outfit Klement's Sausage Company Inc. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/31/pen-bratwurst-recall_n_1847002.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">recalled 2,920 pounds of frozen beef because they may contain pieces of a plastic pen</a>.

  • Cantaloupe Salmonella Outbreak Kills 2, Sickens 141

    In August, it was determined that a <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/18/cantaloupe-salmonella-outbreak-indiana_n_1799225.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">salmonella outbreak linked to cantaloupe sickened nearly 150 people and contributed to the deaths of two</a>. The outbreak, which began in July, affected consumers in Indiana, Kentucky and Minnesota.

  • E. Coli Risk Prompts 38,200-Pound Beef Recall

    In August, Utah company Dale T. Smith and Sons Meat Packing <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/15/dale-t-smith-beef-recall-e-coli_n_1778855.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">recalled 38,200 pounds of beef</a> due to a possible E. coli contamination.

  • Apple Slices At McDonald's, Burger King Recalled Over Listeria Risk

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/10/apple-slices-mcdonalds-listeria-burger-king-recalled_n_1766286.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">Apple slices sold in children's meals at fast food chains McDonald's and Burger King were recalled</a> in August due to a potential Listeria contamination. The slices were also distributed to Wawa convenience stores and Wegman's grocery chains.

  • 300 Arkansas Prison Inmates Sickened By Chicken Salad

    In August, 300 prisoners in an Arkansas prison were stricken with food poisoning after <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/10/arkansas-prison-food-poisoning_n_1765236.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">consuming tainted chicken salad</a>.

  • E. Coli Picnic Outbreak Kills 1, Sickens 75

    An <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/25/e-coli-picnic_n_1701467.html">E. coli outbreak in July traced to a company picnic in Ohio</a> is responsible for the sickenings of 75 people and the death of one. Lowell Draffen, a 73-year-old former superintendent at several school districts in Ohio, developed developed hemolytic uremic syndrome, a type of kidney failure and passed away.

  • Meatball Manufacturer Recalls 324,700 Pounds Of Meat For Listeria Risk

    In July, New Jersey-based manufacturer Buona Vita Inc. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/09/meatball-recall-listeria_n_1656687.html">recalled about 324,700 pounds of frozen, ready-to-eat meat and poultry products</a>, citing a possible listeria contamination. The items included meatballs, chicken and beef patties, and loafs of chicken and beef.

  • Bagged Salad Producer Recalls Products Nationwide For Listeria Risk

    California lettuce producer River Ranch Fresh Foods <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/21/river-ranch-fresh-foods-bagged-salad-recall_n_1534306.html">voluntarily recalled bags of its salads nationwide</a> in May when some routing testing returned positive for listeria. No illnesses were reported.

  • KFC Order To Pay $8.3 Million To Family Of Salmonella Victim

    In April, fast food giant <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/27/kfc-ruling-salmonella-poisoning_n_1458031.html">KFC was ordered to pay $8.3 million to the family of Monika Samaan</a>, who at age seven contracted a serious case of salmonella after dining at a KFC eatery. The episode left her confined to a wheelchair with serious brain damage.

  • Mad Cow Disease Confirmed In California Dairy Cow

    The USDA confirmed in April a <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/24/mad-cow-disease-california-usda_n_1449871.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">case of mad cow disease in a dairy cow</a> found at a California transfer station. The finding sparked widespread panic in the U.S. beef community.

  • 'Tuna Scrape' Sickens 116 People With Salmonella In 20-State Outbreak

    In April, a <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/16/yellowfin-spicy-tuna-sushi-salmonella_n_1428116.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">salmonella outbreak linked to a yellowfin tuna product</a> made by Moon Marine USA Corp. was first reported. The culprit was "tuna scrape," a product made by scraping backmeat off fish bones, give it a ground-like appearance. It's often used in sushi. A <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/25/salmonella-sushi-lawsuit_n_1453115.html">lawsuit linked to the outbreak</a> was later filed.

  • 756 Cases Of Dole Bagged Salad Pulled For Salmonella Risk

    In April, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/15/dole-bagged-salad-recall_n_1427120.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">Dole Food Co. pulled 756 cases of bagged lettuce citing a salmonella risk</a>. The bags of Seven Lettuces were sold to stores in Alabama, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia and Wisconsin.

  • 'Pink Slime' Incites Concern, Debate

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/16/pink-slime-food-safety-farm-bill_n_1428245.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">"Pink slime" became one of the biggest stories of the year</a> in March when food activists went wild over the beef filler often used in school cafeterias. The finely textured beef product, made with scraps from more premium cuts, is treated with ammonia before being sold as ground beef.

  • Poland Recalls 500,000 Pounds Of Food Suspected To Contain Road Salt

    In March, Polish health authorities recalled more than 500,000 pounds of pickles, bread and other foods they believe <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/09/poland-food-recall_n_1334392.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">may contain with industrial road salt</a> unfit for human consumption.

  • Woman Sues Taco Bell Over Alleged Salmonella Sickening

    Oklahoma resident Leah Smith <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/22/taco-bell-lawsuit_n_1293515.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">filed a lawsuit against Taco Bell</a> in February, alleging that she contracted salmonella poisoning after eating food from the fast food chain. The chain was fingered as the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/02/taco-bell-salmonella_n_1249683.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">likely culprit behind a string of salmonella sickenings</a> in October and November of 2011.

  • 2,800 Sandwiches Recalled For Listeria Risk

    South Carolina company Grand Strand Sandwich Co. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/08/chicken-salad-sandwiches-recalled_n_1262178.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">recalled about 2,800 of its chicken salad sandwiches</a> in February, citing potential listeria contamination.

  • 15,000 Pails Of Eggs Recalled For Listeria Risk

    Minnesota-based company Michael Foods <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/03/egg-recall-2012-listeria_n_1252484.html">recalled 15,000 pails of eggs in brine</a> in early February, citing potential listeria contamination. The eggs, which were meant for institutional use, had been distributed in 34 states.

  • Unpasteurized Tempeh Linked To Salmonella Outbreak That Sickens 60

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/08/tempeh-salmonella-outbreak_n_1500383.html">Unpasteurized tempeh produced by North Carolina company Smiling Hara was linked in February to a rare strain of salmonella</a> that sickened 60 people. The outbreak strain, Salmonella Paratyphyi B, can cause severe symptoms. Of those 60 people, several people were hospitalized.

  • Raw Sprouts At Jimmy John's Responsible For E. Coli Cases

    In February, it was determined that<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/16/jimmy-johns-e-coli_n_1281448.html"> raw sprouts served in dishes at sandwich chain Jimmy John's were behind 12 cases of E. coli</a> poisonings in five states.

  • 19 Sickened With Drug-Resistant Salmonella Strain After Eating Beef

    In January, it was reported that <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/06/drug-resistant-salmonella-outbreak_n_1189182.html?utm_hp_ref=food-safety">19 people had fallen ill with a drug-resistant strain of salmonella</a> after eating beef sold at Scarborough, Maine-based supermarket chain Hannaford.

  • Fromagerie Marie Kade Cheeses Recalled For Listeria Risk

    A recall Fromagerie Marie Kade cheeses that began in the last days of 2011 and lasted through early 2012 was called by Massachusetts health officials due to a potential listeria risk.



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  • Kiwis

    Research presented at a meeting last year of the American Heart Association shows that eating <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/16/kiwis-blood-pressure-apples_n_1097364.html" target="_hplink">three kiwis a day</a> is linked with decreased blood pressure. That study included 188 men and women age 55 and older, with slightly high blood pressure. They were instructed to eat three kiwis a day, or an apple a day for eight weeks. The researchers found that the people who <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/16/kiwis-blood-pressure-apples_n_1097364.html" target="_hplink">ate the kiwis</a> had lower systolic blood pressure levels than those who ate the apples. Kiwis are known to be rich in lutein, which means they have antioxidant properties. <em>Flickr photo <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/hulagway/5941766050/">by whologwhy</a>.</em>

  • Peas, Bananas And Other Potassium-Rich Foods

    A 2005 study in the journal <em>Hypertension</em> found that it's possible to get the blood pressure-lowering effects from <a href="http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/update0705c.shtml" target="_hplink">potassium-containing foods</a>, instead of just from a potassium supplement. Researchers from St. George's Medical School in London found that people who consumed potassium citrate -- which is found naturally in food -- has the same effects in <a href="http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/update0705c.shtml" target="_hplink">decreasing blood pressure</a> in people with hypertension as those who took potassium chloride, which is only available as a supplement, Harvard Medical School reported. <em>Flickr photo <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/robin24/5131280208/">by robin_24</a>.</em>

  • Watermelon

    <a href="http://www.mnn.com/food/healthy-eating/stories/watermelon-lowers-blood-pressure-study-finds" target="_hplink">Watermelon</a> is not just refreshing, it contains a bounty of nutrients including fiber, lycopenes, vitamin A and potassium, according to the Mother Nature Network. And, a study from Florida State University researchers shows that an amino acid found -- called <a href="http://www.mnn.com/food/healthy-eating/stories/watermelon-lowers-blood-pressure-study-finds" target="_hplink">L-citrulline/L-arginine</a> -- in watermelon could also have blood pressure-lowering effects. The researchers had nine people with prehypertension take 6 grams of the L-citrulline/L-arginine amino acid a day over a six-week period. They found that the study participants had lower blood pressure, as well as better functioning of their arteries. <em>Flickr photo <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/gudlyf/3657294414/">by Gudlyf</a>.</em>

  • (Purple) Potatoes

    Spuds may get a bad rap in the foodsphere, but a small study presented last year at a meeting of the American Chemical Society showed that the purple-hued root vegetables have <a href="http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=PP_ARTICLEMAIN&node_id=222&content_id=CNBP_028109&use_sec=true&sec_url_var=region1&__uuid=6e3e7956-f304-482b-96f2-b644d1a2aaa5" target="_hplink">blood pressure-lowering powers</a> that are nearly as effective as oatmeal, without packing on pounds. The study included 18 people with high blood pressure. They ate six to eight <a href="http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=PP_ARTICLEMAIN&node_id=222&content_id=CNBP_028109&use_sec=true&sec_url_var=region1&__uuid=6e3e7956-f304-482b-96f2-b644d1a2aaa5" target="_hplink">purple potatoes</a> (including the skins!) twice a day, for a month-long period. The researchers found that the study participants' systolic and diastolic blood pressure dropped at the end of the research period. (Though, it should be noted that this was just an observational study, and the potato-eaters' blood pressure was not compared to people who did not eat purple potatoes during the study.) <em>Flickr photo <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/taransa/5499878925/">by Taransa</a>.</em>

  • Tofu

    Eating a lot of tofu and other soy foods -- like soy nuts, miso, edamame, tempeh and soy milk -- is linked with <a href="http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/news/20120327/soy-nutrient-may-lower-blood-pressure" target="_hplink">decreased blood pressure</a>, WebMD reported. The study, presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology, included 5,000 people whose diets were tracked over 20 years. The researchers found that the ones who <a href="http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/news/20120327/soy-nutrient-may-lower-blood-pressure" target="_hplink">consumed the most isoflavones</a> -- found in soy, as well as peanuts and green tea -- had lower systolic blood pressure than those who consumed the fewest isoflavones, according to WebMD. <em>Flickr photo <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotoosvanrobin/5776783857/">by FotoosVanRobin</a>.</em>

  • Chocolate

    Chocolate is linked with a lower BMI -- <em>and</em> it could be beneficial for people with hypertension. A 2010 review of studies in the journal <em>BMC Medicine</em> showed that <a href="http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/8/39" target="_hplink">flavanols</a>, which are found in chocolate, seemed to promote the dilation of blood vessels, which in turn can lower blood pressure. "Flavanols have been shown to increase the formation of endothelial nitric oxide, which promotes vasodilation and consequently may lower blood pressure," study researcher Dr. Karin Ried, of the University of Adelaide in Austria, said <a href="http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/06/100628075746.htm" target="_hplink">in a statement</a>. "There have, however, been conflicting results as to the real-life effects of eating chocolate. We've found that consumption can significantly, albeit modestly, reduce blood pressure for people with high blood pressure but not for people with normal blood pressure." <em>Flickr photo <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/sionakaren/3871516012/">by Siona Karen</a>.</em>

  • Chili Peppers

    If you love a little heat with your food, it could be doing your <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550413110002287" target="_hplink">blood pressure</a> a favor, too. A 2010 study in the journal <em>Cell Metabolism</em> showed that <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550413110002287" target="_hplink">capsaicin</a> -- the spicy ingredient in chili peppers -- could help to lower blood pressure in rats with hypertension. However, the researchers from the Third Military Medical University in China noted that the results need to be replicated in humans. <em>Flickr photo <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/trostle/6114402110/">by Trostle</a>.</em>

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