The provincial government says the industry-led program is needed to deal with the dangerous metals and contaminants found in computers, televisions, cellphones and printers.
Environment Minister Tom Hedderson says the e-waste initiative marks an important step toward reaching the province's goal of reducing the waste stream by 50 per cent.
Under the program, electronics manufacturers have 120 days to submit a detailed stewardship plan outlining their proposed recycling program.
The government estimates that households in Newfoundland and Labrador generate an average of 1,500 tonnes of e-waste annually.
Similar e-waste recycling programs are already in place in other jurisdictions in Canada.