The Calgary native finished with a two-run time of 1:41.601, behind Germans Natalie Geisenberger (1:41.450) and Tatjana Hufner (1:41.481).
"I have been sick all week, and was just trying to get through that and then pull good starts and have two consistent runs today," said Gough. "There is a dead flat start on this track which definitely plays to a German advantage, but I did my job of reaching my potential today. I'm happy to be on the podium again."
Gough, who also finished third last year in Konigssee, was the only non-German luger in the top five of the event.
"I don't want to be stuck in third pace all the time, but I think it's going to be tough to break out of that on this major tour through Germany that we are doing," she said. "Today — this track is Natalie's bread and butter. I do believe this shows how far we have come because not long ago we were thrilled with getting on the podium. I know it is going to come, I just need to keep working hard."
Arianne Jones of Calgary was 13th with a time of 1:43.288, while fellow Calgarian Jordan Smith was 16th (1:43.618).
The Canadian men's doubles team of Tristan Walker, of Cochrane, Alta., and Calgary's Justin Snith finished seventh with a combined time of 1:42.382.
Germany dominated the doubles for the second consecutive week with Tobias Wendl and Tobias Arlt leading the race with a time of 1:40.977, while Toni Eggert and Sascha Benecken won silver after a combined 1:41.392.
Austria's Andreas Linger and Wolfgang Linger rounded the podium with a time of 1:41.966.