Canada’s homicide rate rose for the first time in three year, thanks to an overly violent year in Alberta, particularly in Edmonton.
According to numbers released by Statistics Canada on Tuesday, Alberta saw a jump of 32 murders in 2011 from the previous year. The increase was such that it thrust the national rate higher to 1.73 homicides per 100,000 residents in 2011, from 1.62 in 2010, reversing a three-year trend that had seen the homicide rate across the country steadily decrease.
When compared to other provinces, Alberta finished with the third highest homicide rate in the nation - Manitoba clinched number one and Saskatchewan finished second.
The Edmonton GMA was the site of 50 homicides in 2011, up from 32 the previous year, while Calgary saw 14 homicides in 2011, a drop of one from the year before.
Edmonton’s homicide rate for 2011, which is calculated using the number of homicides per 100,000 residents, was 4.17, earning the Alberta city third spot in one of Canada’s least desirable lists. Edmonton’s homicide rate for 2010 was 2.72.
Calgary’s rate for 2011 was 1.1, compared to 1.2 the year before.
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Alberta's capital recorded 32 homicides in 2010, which resulted in a homicide rate of 2.72. Those numbers jumped to 50 in 2011, earning the city a homicide rate of 4.17 and a spot as the city with the third highest homicide rate in the nation.
In 2010, Calgary recorded 15 homicides, earning the city a homicide rate of 1.2 such crimes per 100,000 residents. That rate dropped to 1.1 in 2011 when the city saw 14 homicides. The city was tied with Kelowna for 20th in the country.
10. Prince Edward Island
P.E.I. recorded 0 homicides in 2010 and one in 2011. The provincial homicide rate that year was 0.69, the lowest in Canada.
9. Newfoundland and Labrador
Unchanged year-over-year, with 4 homicides in 2010, and a homicide rate of 0.78 and the same for 2011.
8. New Brunswick
New Brunswick recorded 9 homicides in 2010, with a homicide rate of 1.20. That dropped to a rate of 1.06 when it saw 8 homicides in 2011.
Ontario recorded 189 homicides in 2010, for a homicide rate of 1.43. Those numbers dropped in 2011 with 161 homicides and a 1.2 homicide rate.
Quebec recorded 84 murders in 2010, for a homicide rate of 1.06. The province saw a sharp jump in 2011 with 105 recorded homicides and a 1.32 homicide rate.
5. British Columbia
B.C. was the site of 83 homicides in 2010, for a homicide rate of 1.83. That rate saw a slight increase to 1.9 thanks to 87 homicides in 2011.
4. Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia recorded 21 homicides in 2010 (2.22 homicide rate) and 22 in 2011 (2.33 rate)
Alberta came in third in the country with 109 homicides in 2011 (2.07 rate), up from 77 in 2010 (2.88 rate)
The prairie province saw an increase in their homicides rate with 34 homicides in 2010 and 38 in 2011. The homicide rate in Saskatchewan during that time was 3.26 and 3.59 respectively.
Manitoba recorded the country's highest homicide rate in 2011, with 53 incidents (4.24 homicide rate). That is up from the previous year, when the province saw 45 homicides and a rate of 3.65 killings per 100,000 residents.
According to Statistics Canada, the city with the highest homicide rate in the country in 2011 was Winnipeg, followed by Halifax, with Edmonton rounding out the top three.
The only other province to see an increase close to Alberta's dramatic jump was Quebec, which saw its homicide numbers jump by 21 from 2010.
The one good news for Edmonton is that currently, the number of homicides in the Alberta capital is less than half of what they were in 2011.