The agency says the number of beneficiaries increased slightly in Alberta, New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba and Quebec, with a small decline in British Columbia.
There was virtually no change in the number of beneficiaries for Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan.
To receive benefits, individuals must first submit a claim and the number of claims filed indicates how many people could later become beneficiaries.
Nationally, the number of initial and renewal claims was virtually unchanged in October at 231,700.
Claims rose 6.9 per cent in Saskatchewan and 5.7 per cent in Alberta, but fell 2.1 per cent in Quebec.
There was little change in the other provinces.