Canada’s spy agency sees the "insider threat" as a rising security risk for Canadians at home and abroad, according to a secret document obtained by CBC News.
Algeria's Prime Minister Abdul Malek Sallal said Islamist militants who attacked an Algerian gas plant last week included at least one Canadian — and a threat assessment report from the Canadian Security Intelligence Agency points to an upward trend of domestic Islamist extremism.
"Small groups (of) Canadians will continue to be inspired by the narrative and seek to engage in extremist activities both at home and abroad," reads The Threat Environment to 2025 report obtained by Power & Politics under the Access to Information Act.
The assessment outlines global and domestic threats — and what is driving those trends, from energy and Arctic resources to geopolitical conflicts and the pursuit of nuclear weapons.
The report notes that CSIS has a number of key regional conflicts and failing states it's keeping an eye on, including North and Western Africa where places like Mali and Algeria have been in the spotlight
The report says Islamist extremism is a complicated threat, and warns that extremists will take advantage of "under-governed spaces and weak states."
Some of the key factors that are driving domestic extremism in Canada include grievances against capitalism, polarized debate on immigration, the migration of ideas, tools and tactics and radical environmentalism, according to the CSIS report.
Ray Boisvert, former assistant director of intelligence with CSIS who is currently president and CEO of I-Sec Integrated Strategies, said radicalization is a "growing pattern" in Canada. CSIS has identified up to 50 people who have left Canada to fight abroad.
"That means there are a lot of people with Canadian passports, who represent this country, who are out there committed to violence against others, and as we've seen in the Algerian example, serious violence leading to murder. And that would be extremely troubling for any and all of us," he told Power & Politics host Evan Solomon.
Also on HuffPost:
Osama Bin Laden - May 1, 2012.
This April 1998 file photo shows exiled Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. He was killed during a raid of his compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, by US forces. (AP Photo, File)
Ilyas Kashmiri - June 2, 2011
Kashmiri was Al-Qaida's military operations chief in Pakistan. He was killed in a drone strike close to the town of Wana in Pakistan's South Waziristan tribal area. He was one of five most-wanted militant leaders in the country, accused of a string of bloody attacks in Pakistan and India as well as aiding plots in the West. (Saeed Khan/AFP-Getty Images, file)
Atiyah Abd al-Rahman - August 22, 2011.
Al-Qaida's second in command, Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, was killed in a drone strike in Machi Khel village in Pakistan's North Waziristan tribal area. A Libyan national, al-Rahman never had the worldwide name recognition of Osama bin Laden or bin Laden's successor, Ayman al-Zawahiri, but al-Rahman was regarded as an instrumental figure in the terrorist organization, trusted by bin Laden to oversee al-Qaida's daily operations. (AP Photo/National Counterterrorism Center)
Abu Hafs Al-Shahri - Sept. 11, 2011.
Al-Qaida's chief of operations in Pakistan, Abu Hafs al-Shahri, was killed in a drone strike in Pakistan's tribal region. Al-Shahri worked closely with the Pakistani Taliban to carry out attacks inside Pakistan. (SITE Intel Group)
Anwar al-Awlaki - Sept. 30, 2011.
In this Monday, Nov. 8, 2010, file photo, Anwar al-Awlaki speaks in a video message posted on radical websites. He was a key member of al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula and was killed in a drone strike in the mountains of Yemen. The 40-year-old American-Yemeni cleric emerged as an enormously influential preacher among militants living in the West, with his English-language Internet sermons calling for jihad, or holy war, against the United States. He was in contact with the accused perpetrators of the 2009 shooting rampage at Fort Hood that killed 13 people, the 2010 car bomb attempt in New York's Times Square and the Christmas 2009 attempt to blow up an airliner heading to Detroit (AP Photo/SITE Intelligence Group, Dile)
Badr Mansoor - Feb. 9, 2012
Al-Qaida commander Badr Mansoor was killed in a drone strike in Miran Shah, the main town in Pakistan's North Waziristan tribal area. He was believed to be behind many of the suicide attacks that killed scores of Pakistani civilians in recent years. Mansoor was from Pakistan's largest province, Punjab, and moved to North Waziristan in 2008, where he led a faction of more than 200 fighters. (AFP/Getty Images)
Abu Yahia al-Libi - June 4, 2012.
This March 25, 2007, file image, made from video posted on a website frequented by Islamist militants and provided via the IntelCenter, shows Al-Qaida's second in command Abu Yahya al-Libi. He was killed in a drone strike in the Pakistani village of Khassu Khel in the North Waziristan tribal area, according to the White House. Al-Libi was considered a charismatic, media-savvy leader who helped preside over the transformation of al-Qaida into a terror movement aimed at winning converts around the world. (AP Photo/IntelCenter, File)