EDMONTON — With Alberta's bottom line being gutted by falling oil revenue, the March 7 budget will embody a "once in a generation'' transformation in how the province builds and sustains its spending, Premier Alison Redford said Friday.
"It's about this being a new reality and us having to face that,'' said Redford in an interview.
"(It's a plan to) think about what kind of a province we want to live in, how we're going to plan long term and not sort of sit back and cross our fingers and hope the price of oil goes up.
"You don't do that every year. You do it once in a generation. And this is the time for us to do it now.''
Redford made the comments one day after telling Albertans in a provincewide TV address that soft energy prices will slash the expected oil and natural gas revenue in the 2013-14 budget from $13 billion to $7 billion.
She said Alberta is caught in a price vise: growing oil production in the U.S. and Alberta access tied to markets south of the border means a yawning gap in the benchmark North American price for oil versus what Alberta's oilsands bitumen is fetching.
That won't change, she said, until pipelines are extended to refineries on the U.S. Gulf Coast and to B.C. for shipment to markets in Asia.
The current budget pegs spending at a record $41 billion. Redford said she will hold that line while making changes to programs and services to improve value for money while not sacrificing priorities.
"If you don't have a long-term vision, then you end up being shortsighted and getting into pitfalls,'' she said.
Redford declined to get into specifics of what projects or programs could be on the chopping block. She said which capital projects will proceed depends on their priority and how much work has already been invested.
"If they make sense for Albertans and they fit within the priorities that Albertans set for us in the last election, we're going to continue to invest in those things,'' she said.
"If they're so far along that it would be silly to pull back on them, then we're not going to slow down.''
Opposition critics says Redford's budgetary call to arms is cynical misdirection by a premier who was warned last year about the oil revenue problem, but nevertheless forged ahead with grand spending plans on schools, health clinics, and social programs.
"She was attempting (in the TV address) to deflect responsibility for the desperate financial situation that we find ourselves in,'' said NDP Leader Brian Mason.
"I think that's unacceptable and I don't think we can let her get away with it.''
Mason said Redford ignored advice from experts to reduce dependence on royalties, failed to have more bitumen refined in-house, and turned a blind eye to the growing bitumen differential problem.
Wildrose Leader Danielle Smith said Redford is being disingenuous by suggesting she was sideswiped like everyone else by the price differential.
Smith says the price gap is comparable to what it was when Redford made big spending promises en route to a majority victory in last April's provincial election.
She said the premier now needs to paint a doomsday scenario to cover up her government's incompetence.
"We do need to make a once-in-a-generation change in how the budget is done in this province,'' said Smith.
"But the change needs to come on looking at ways to streamline how we do our spending, having a long-term capital plan and cutting wasteful spending.''
Disaster, added Smith, is in the eye of the beholder.
She said $7.5 billion worth of resource revenue is an enormous amount of windfall revenue.
"There's no other province that enjoys that.''
Earlier on HuffPost:
Here's a breakdown of how the Alberta government parceled out spending last year. Information provided is <a href="http://finance.alberta.ca/business/budget/2012-13-Expense-by-Function.pdf">Expense by Function estimates</a> provided by the Alberta government.
7.1 per cent of the budget went to General Government - Includes a broad range of additional services including funding for parks and recreation, cultural activities, housing initiatives, economic development, costs to run government and debt servicing expenses (interest payments).
1 per cent of the budget went to Environmental funding - Provides for environmental monitoring and protection, including pollution control, water supply management, air quality control, garbage collection and waste disposal and a host of other environmental programs and initiatives.
Regional Planning and Development
2.7 per cent of the budget went to Regional Planning and Development - Includes amounts for planning and regional development and a portion of the grants made directly to municipalities, including the Municipal Sustainability Initiative.
Protections of Persons and Property
3.9 per cent of the budget went to Protections of Persons and Property - Includes amounts for the protection of persons and property, including amounts for policing and security, the provincial court system, correctional and rehabilitation services, firefighting, labour relations and a host of other regulatory measures.
Transportation, Communications and Utilities
4. 6 per cent of the budget went to Transportation, Communications and Utilities - Includes amounts related to road, rail and air transport and maintenance, public transit grants, as well as pipelines, utilities and telecommunications networks.
Agriculture, Resource Management and Economic Development
5.4 per cent of the budget went to Agriculture, Resource Management and Economic Development - Includes amounts for farming support programs, food supply quality monitoring and protection, weed and pest control, crop insurance programs, natural resource management, economic and rural development, irrigation and veterinary care.
11.5 of the budget went to Social Services - Includes social assistance (e.g. AISH), pension benefits, and care for children, seniors and other vulnerable Albertans.
22.9 per cent of the budget went to Education - Includes Early Childhood Services to Grade 12, as well as post-secondary education, skills training and the construction and maintenance of educational facilities.
40.9 per cent of the budget went to Health - Consists of expenses incurred to ensure necessary health services are available to Albertans and includes funding for hospitals, medical and preventative care and the construction and maintenance of provincial health facilities.