The former head of an energy research centre at the University of Calgary is calling the centre a failure.
Climate scientist David Keith says the Institute for Sustainable Energy, Environment and Economy is critically important, but has not been able to balance the interests of private industry and environmental advocates.
Keith says the university for example, removed an academic at the request of Enbridge.
"That just fundamentally misconceives the university's role," says Keith who is now a professor at Harvard University in the United States.
Liberal MLA David Swann says he's concerned.
"It's affecting both the direction of research and the results of research and it throws into question the results we're producing at the university of Calgary," Swann said.
Meanwhile, Liberal leader Raj Sherman is calling for an investigation.
"The Integrity of one of our top institutions has been brought into question by a highly respected individual," Sherman says. "This needs to be looked at."
Enbridge released a statement to CBC saying the company was not involved in the recruitment process, the appointment nor changes to leadership roles at the university and "any claims to the contrary are categorically false."
"A lot of people put a lot of effort into this institution. A lot of good will effort. A lot of good people at U of C worked hard and we basically fumbled this institution," says Keith.
He adds poor management on the part of the university, which took too long to make important decisions about the Institute, contributed to its failure.
In a written statement to the CBC, the University of Calgary says the centre was created to develop cost-effective solutions to the environmental challenges of energy production and use.
"We believe ISEE is delivering on that mandate," reads the statement.
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Azerbaijan produces 1.0 million barrels of oil per day. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/15/wikileaks-bp-azerbaijan-b_n_797465.html" target="_hplink">WikiLeaks</a> cables suggest that there were resemblances between BP's recent Gulf Coast oil spill and a much lesser-known gas leak in Azerbaijan that occurred 18 months earlier.
#19. United Kingdom
The United Kingdom produces 1.3 million barrels of oil daily and exports 775,000 barrels. Following the BP oil spill in the Gulf Coast, the U.K. has been <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/09/uk-no-need-to-stop-north-_n_805145.html" target="_hplink">urged</a> by some advocates to suspend deepwater extraction in the North Sea.
Kazakhstan produces 1.5 million barrels of oil daily, and exports 1.4 million barrels. China is <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/al-eisele/kazakhstan-what-borat-mis_b_582609.html" target="_hplink">reportedly</a> paying premium prices for Kazakhstan's oil, and China is helping the country to build pipelines and roads as well.
Libya produces 1.7 million barrels of oil per day, while exporting 1.2 million barrels daily. As violence in Libya currently escalates, the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/22/libya-oil-price-spike-investor-fears_n_826459.html" target="_hplink">price of oil</a> has skyrocketed.
Algeria produces 1.8 million barrels of oil daily. Last summer, Algeria's president <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20100531/af-algeria-corruption/" target="_hplink">fired</a> the CEO and top managers of the state-owned oil firm Sonatrach following a corruption scandal.
Angola produces 1.9 million barrels of oil daily, and export 1.8 million barrels, placing them at #7 on the world's list of exporters.
Brazil produces 2.0 million barrels of oil daily, while exporting 505,000 barrels. The effects of Brazil's <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/07/09/brazils-oil-spill-10-year_n_640862.html" target="_hplink">oil spill</a> in Guanabara Bay can still be seen ten years later.
Norway produces 2.1 million barrels of oil daily. An Icelandic ship recently <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20110218/eu-norway-oil-leak/" target="_hplink">leaked</a> oil into a Norwegian national park after running aground.
Nigeria produces 2.2 million gallons of oil per day, placing them 12th among producers. But they are the 4th biggest exporter, exporting 2.1 million barrels each day. Much controversy has surrounded oil production in Nigeria. Most recently <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/27/shell-oil-nigeria_n_814323.html" target="_hplink">Royal Dutch Shell</a> is on the defensive following a $100 million fine imposed by a Nigerian court for a 1970 oil spill. Also, past <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/03/military-attack-in-nigeri_n_791551.html" target="_hplink">reports</a> show that militants have attacked pipelines and kidnapped oil employees, cutting into Nigeria's oil production. Last year, a military <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/03/military-attack-in-nigeri_n_791551.html" target="_hplink">attack</a> in Nigeria's Oil Delta killed up to 150 people.
Venezuela produces 2.3 million barrels of oil daily, while exporting 1.3 million barrels per day. Hugo Chavez has sparked controversy in the U.S., making a <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/raymond-j-learsy/chavez-threatening-oil-cu_b_661786.html" target="_hplink">statement</a> last summer that pending certain military actions, "we will not send a drop of oil to the United States, even if we have to eat rocks."
Kuwait produces 2.4 million barrels of oil per day. They export 1.4 million barrels daily, placing them 11th among oil exporting countries.
Iraq produces 2.4 million barrels of oil each day, and exports 1.9 million barrels. Some <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/10/12/oil-industry-eyes-iraq-af_n_759747.html" target="_hplink">reports</a> suggest that Iraq will become increasingly important to meet the world's demand for oil, especially in light of recent oil spills. Considered the birthplace for the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Iraq struggled to boost production after years of war and sanctions.
#8. United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates produce 2.4 million barrels of oil each day, while exporting 2.0 million barrels. Meanwhile, reports show the UAE has focused some attention on investing in green energy, such as <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2008/11/17/oil-rich-dubai-spending-b_n_144444.html" target="_hplink">solar power</a>.
Canada produces 2.6 million barrels of oil per day. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper recently <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/07/canada-pm-stephen-harper-_n_819632.html" target="_hplink">urged</a> the U.S. to approve a <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/06/no-tar-sands-oil-campaign_n_790140.html" target="_hplink">controversial</a> oil pipeline from Canada to the U.S. Gulf Coast.
Mexico produces 2.6 million barrels of oil per day while exporting 1.3 million barrels. A massive oil pipeline <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/20/mexico-pipeline-explosion_n_798935.html#211689" target="_hplink">explosion</a> in San Martin Texmelucan killed at least 28 people, including 13 children last year.
China produces 3.8 million barrels of oil every day. They do not make the list of Top 20 oil exporters. The country experienced their largest reported <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/07/21/china-oil-spill-grows-off_n_653852.html#s120708" target="_hplink">oil spill</a> last year after a pipeline exploded. Researchers suggest the ecological damage could last a decade. <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/eastasia/news/dalian-oil-spill" target="_hplink">Greenpeace</a> remarked, "From the Gulf of Mexico to the Gulf of Dalian to the numerous coal mine accidents, it is tragically obvious that economic development built upon fossil fuels is unsustainable and comes at a high price."
Iran produces 4.0 million barrels of oil daily. Meanwhile, their <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/22/iran-nuclear-talks-fail-n_n_812535.html" target="_hplink">nuclear</a> program has upset many foreign countries. Iran claims that their program focuses on using low-enriched uranium to generate electricity.
#3. United States
The United States produces 5.4 million barrels of oil per day. Yet, the U.S. doesn't make the list of the Top 20 <em>exporters</em> of oil. The U.S. is currently handling the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-l-cavnar/new-scientific-study-bp-m_b_825705.html" target="_hplink">ramifications</a> of their massive BP oil spill off the Gulf Coast.
#2. Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia produces 8.3 million barrels of oil every day. Controversial <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/09/wikileaks-saudi-oil-reserves-exaggerated_n_820641.html" target="_hplink">reports</a> suggest that Saudia Arabia may have exaggerated its crude oil reserves by 40%, according to a WikiLeaks cable. If the cable is true, the country might not be able to control prices.
Russia produces 9.5 million barrels of oil per day. While they are the top producer of oil, they are ranked the #2 exporter below Saudi Arabia. Russia exports 5.4 million barrels per day.