CALGARY - A Calgary judge says human error led to the death of a man having surgery to remove his appendix.
Andres Martinez was 24 when he died in March 2010.
Judge Michael Dinkel writes in a fatality inquiry report that the surgeon used the wrong instrument during the operation.
The bladed instrument pierced one of the large arteries supplying blood to the pelvis and legs.
Blood from the puncture didn't clot properly.
Dinkel says the surgeon should have waited for the proper surgical instrument before proceeding.
The judge points out Alberta Health Services has made a number of changes and listened to the victim's father on ways to provide support and better communicate with grieving families.
Unlikely circumstances led to the <a href="http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,302195,00.html" target="_hplink">death of then 28-year-old Brandon Lee</a>. A stunt gun used during production was supposed to have blanks, but the weapon was improperly loaded. When the gun was fired at Lee during the scene one bullet was lodged in the chamber, resulting in Lee's untimely death later that night at the hospital.
Brad Pitt received an ironic injury in the 2004 historical film. Pitt, who played Greek warrior Achilles, tore his achilles tendon during filming.
53-year-old stunt pilot Art Scholl took his last flight during a scene of "Top Gun." The action sequence required an experienced pilot who could operate the camera plane during a flat spin. However, there was a dire problem with the plane and Scholl<a href="http://articles.latimes.com/1985-09-18/local/me-6135_1_stunt-pilot" target="_hplink"> crashed into the Pacific Ocean</a>. The plane and Scholl's body were never recovered, so the cause of the accident is unknown.
During filming of Moulin Rouge, Nicole Kidman, who is no stranger to on-set injuries, <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/522813.stm" target="_hplink">fractured two ribs</a> and <a href="http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/the_hollywood_economist/2005/05/nicole_kidmans_knee.html" target="_hplink">hurt her right knee</a>. Many of the scenes had to be shot with Kidman sitting down in order to cover the cast on her leg.
The Twilight Zone
In the the 1983 film, a <a href="http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/notorious_murders/not_guilty/twilight_zone/2.html" target="_hplink">horrific helicopter accident</a> resulted in the deaths of actor Vic Morrow and two child actors. The helicopter was damaged in a staged explosion and spun out of control, crushing one child, decapitating Morrow and ripping a limb from the other child.
P.S. I Love You
In this playful strip scene, Gerard Butler's suspender strap came unhinged and <a href="http://www.contactmusic.com/news/swank-injured-by-suspenders-in-freak-set-accident_1018135" target="_hplink">hit Hilary Swank in the forehead</a>. The actress had to get stitches to patch up the suspender-shaped cut.
A stunt plane dressed like a Japanese fighter <a href="http://archive.newsmax.com/articles/?a=2000/4/18/53535" target="_hplink">clipped a palm tree and crashed</a> during filming of "Pearl Harbor." The pilot was injured and immediately taken to the hospital but survived the crash. The footage was caught on tape.
The Wizard Of Oz
Margaret Hamilton, who played the Wicked Witch of the West, was <a href="http://www.neatorama.com/2009/03/31/movie-trivia-the-wizard-of-oz/" target="_hplink">injured during filming</a> of the scene when she departs Munchkinland in a cloud of smoke after Dorothy's arrival. The trap door did not release quick enough and Hamilton's costume was engulfed in flames created by the smoke. She suffered second and third-degree burns.
The Phantom Of The Opera
A worker <a href="http://www.thompsons.law.co.uk/ntext/compensation-accident-phantom.htm" target="_hplink">suffered severe injuries</a> after being thrown from scaffolding that was not properly secured on the set of the 2004 film.
Russell Crowe sustained real injuries during filming of the 2005 film. After months of training, the actor <a href="http://www.contactmusic.com/news-article/crowe-dislocated-shoulder-at-start-of-cinderella-man-shoot" target="_hplink">dislocated his shoulder</a> during his first scene in the ring. Crowe was beat up enough that he also received other minor injuries during filming.
During filming of this 2007 flick, Anthony Hopkins actually fell into the frigid river and was rushed to the hospital and <a href="http://movies.sky.com/the-edge/review" target="_hplink">treated for hypothermia</a>.
A stuntman was killed during filming of one of the final action scenes of the 2002 film. During the stunt, the man, who was being <a href="http://www.movieweb.com/news/american-stuntman-dies-on-triple-x-3-movies-trade-stars-downtown-gigli-wraps-up-anger-management-starts" target="_hplink">pulled in a parasail by a speed boat</a>, was to disconnect his harness from the boat and drop into the river in order narrowly to avoid a low-rising bridge. Although the stunt was successfully completed the first time, on the second shot the stuntman did not disconnect in time and collided with a bridge support beam.
A 56-year-old set decorator was <a href="http://www.aceshowbiz.com/news/view/00006915.html" target="_hplink">killed by a falling wall</a> that crushed the man under thousands of pounds of concrete. Filming had wrapped at the location and the set was being taken apart when a backhoe struck the wall, causing it to tumble. Two other workers were also injured.