OTTAWA - The total cost of providing a transport plane to aid international efforts in Mali is an estimated $18.6 million, says one of Canada's top soldiers.

Of that cost, $11.7 million is directly related to the mission itself and the remainder is the regular cost of keeping the C-17 Globemaster ready to go, Maj.-Gen. Jonathan Vance told a House of Commons committee Thursday.

Canada had initially agreed to provide the massive transport plane for one week to assist the French government in transporting soldiers and supplies to the West African country.

The French military launched an intervention there Jan. 11 to oust Islamists from power in the north of the country and to stop their march south.

Canada later agreed to extend the contribution of the transport plane until the middle of February.

Since then, the French have been successful in pushing back the rebels and the United Nations is now considering a peacekeeping force to keep the peace in the north.

The total cost of the Canadian contribution mission won't be known until 60 days after it's over, Vance said.

Since the first flight on Jan. 17, the plane has flown 13 missions and moved more than 350,000 kilograms of cargo.

"The success enjoyed by the Canadian armed forces in support of this mission has been underpinned by the efforts of our members who are working closely with their French counterparts to ensure seamless support continues through out current commitment," Vance said.

The contribution of the C-17 came after repeated requests from African and European leaders for Canada to play a role in international efforts to thwart the attempted takeover of the country by a loosely connected group of Islamist forces.

That followed a military coup in March 2012, which saw Canada suspend what had been about $100 million in aid a year to the country.

France's military success will see development programs restart, Canadian International Development Agency officials told the committee.

Earlier this week, International Co-operation Minister Julian Fantino also announced $13 million in further emergency aid.

But the problem in Mali is far bigger than just the country itself, said Kerry Buck, an assistant deputy minister at the Department of Foreign Affairs.

She told the committee that a swath of Africa has increasingly become a haven for terrorists in recent years as ethnic and religious groups move across the Sahel region.

"The rise of terrorist groups that have been increasingly emboldened is alarming to the whole international community," Buck said.

Many experts have suggested that Islamic militants were able to take advantage of the lawlessness in Libya following the fall of Moammar Gadhafi in order to secure arms and cash.

Canada had contributed $10 million to disarmament efforts in Libya in part to stop the disbursement of small arms.

But Buck said it goes back further than the international military intervention there.

"Those arms and money have been coming out of Libya for awhile and from other sources starting to fuel the Islamist extremist groups," she said.

"So as a terrorist haven, the Sahel has caused concern to the international community for awhile."

Given the mission's complexity, isn't there a risk that Canada is being drawn into a prolonged conflict, said Liberal MP John MacKay.

He noted Canada seems to have several goals in its work in the country, including supporting the French, helping the Malian government, delivering humanitarian aid and working on training efforts.

"My concern here is that by having this broader approach you actually may miss what for some would argue is the most significant goal which is the containment of the Islamist threat," he asked.

Vance said it is important for the global community to look beyond that.

"There is a tendency sometimes to see military kinetic action as being the silver bullet on the Islamist threat; in fact, kinetic action does not address root causes," he said.

"An appropriate balance between hard military and all of the things that have been mentioned here is what actually stops the Islamist threat."

The prime minister has insisted that Canada will play no combat role in Mali.

In additional to the 40 personnel working with the C-17 Globemaster, there are special forces in the country at the request of Foreign Affairs to guard the embassy.

Vance would not elaborate on their role but similar work was done following the Libyan intervention.

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  • French Gazelle military helicopters, flying back from the city of Timbuktu, arrive at the French army base camp airport on January 28, 2013 in Sevare. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • This picture provided by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office (ECPAD) and released Monday Jan. 28, 2013 shows Chadian soldiers securing Gao airport, north of Mali, Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Ghislain Mariette, EMA-ECPAD)

  • This picture provided by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office (ECPAD) and released Monday Jan. 28, 2013 shows a Chadian soldier securing Gao airport, north of Mali, Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Ghislain Mariette, EMA-ECPAD)

  • This picture provided by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office (ECPAD) and released Monday Jan. 28, 2013 shows a Chadian soldier securing Gao airport, north of Mali, Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Ghislain Mariette, EMA-ECPAD)

  • This picture provided by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office (ECPAD) and released Monday Jan. 28, 2013 shows a Chadian soldier securing Gao airport, north of Mali, Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Ghislain Mariette, EMA-ECPAD)

  • This picture provided by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office (ECPAD) and released Monday Jan. 28, 2013 shows Malians soldiers arriving at Gao airport, north of Mali, Saturday, Jan. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Ghislain Mariette, EMA-ECPAD)

  • This picture provided by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office (ECPAD) and released Monday Jan. 28, 2013 shows Malian soldiers boarding a French Transall military plane in Bamako, Mali, Saturday Jan. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Ghislain Mariette, EMA-ECPAD)

  • This picture provided by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office (ECPAD) and released Monday Jan. 28, 2013 shows Malian soldiers boarding a French Transall military plane in Bamako, Mali, Saturday Jan. 26, 2013. (AP Photo/Ghislain Mariette, EMA-ECPAD)

  • French Gazelle military helicopters, flying back from the city of Timbuktu, arrive at the French army base camp airport on January 28, 2013 in Sevare. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A French Gazelle military helicopter, flying back from the city of Timbuktu, arrives at the French army base camp airport on January 28, 2013 in Sevare. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A French Gazelle military helicopter, flying back from the city of Timbuktu, arrives at the French army base camp airport on January 28, 2013 in Sevare. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A French Gazelle military helicopter, flying back from the city of Timbuktu, arrives at the French army base camp airport on January 28, 2013 in Sevare. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A Malian soldier stands at a checkpoint near Sevare on January 27, 2013. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A Malian soldier stands at a checkpoint near Sevare on January 27, 2013. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Malian soldiers wait at a checkpoint near Sevare on January 27, 2013. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Malian soldiers wait at a checkpoint near Sevare on January 27, 2013. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • French soldiers are waiting the arrival of the French Defence Minister before their departure to Mali on January 25, 2013 at the Miramas ZRA (Zone de Regroupement et d'Attente) military base, southern France, as part of the French military operation codenamed Serval.(GERARD JULIEN/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A Bin Laden sticker adorns the tank of a small motorcycle in Mopti, some 630 kms (400 miles) north of Mali's capital Bamako Thursday, Jan. 24, 2013. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • French soldiers return from patrol in Sevare, some 620 kms (400 miles) north of Mali's capital Bamako Thursday, Jan. 24, 2013. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • A U.S. Air Force transport aircraft with French military personnel and equipment aboard takes off for Mali from Istres airbase, near Marseille, southern France, Thursday, Jan. 24, 2013. (AP Photo/Claude Paris)

  • A French soldier stands guard as he arrives in the city of Diabaly, on January 21, 2013. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A French soldier deployed near city of Diabaly keeps post from a machine gun mounted vehicle on January 22, 2013. (SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Residents look at an abandoned Malian army tank in Diabaly on January 22, 2013. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Malians walk past a burnt pickup truck mounted with a machine gun, which was formerly used by Islamists and destroyed after air strikes by the French air force a week ago, at a Malian military base which had been temporarily captured by Islamists, in Diabaly, on January 22, 2013. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A French soldier deployed in Diabaly patrol on January 22, 2013. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A man and woman on a scooter ride past a Malian soldier controlling a strategic bridge on the Niger river on January 22, 2013 near Markala, 270km North of Bamako. (ERIC FEFERBERG/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A French soldier stands next to a military truck near Malian army buildings which were taken by Islamic jihadists before being destroyed during aerial bombings, in the city of Diabaly, on January 21, 2013. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • French soldiers arrive in the city of Diabaly, on January 21, 2013. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • French soldiers arrive in the Malian town of Diabaly on January 21, 2013. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A French Legionaire stands guard as groups from various units of the Air Force, Ground Army (Armee de Terre) and the French Foreign Legion fly out for a military operation in the north of Mali on January 21, 2013. (FABIO BUCCIARELLI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A foreign press photographer shoots pictures of a man holding a French flg on a street of Bamako on January 17, 2013. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A picture taken with a mobile phone on January 12, 2013 reportedly shows Islamist insurgents in Gao. (STRINGER/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A Malian man sells flags, including French ones, on a street of Bamako on January 17, 2013. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A Malian man sells souvenirs, including French ones, on a street of Bamako on January 17, 2013. (FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • French helicopters are towed to the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Mali National Guard soldiers stand guard on the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, as a commercial jet takes off during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Mali's President Dioncounda Traore, center, visits the troops on the military side of Bamako's airport, Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Mali army cadets secure a perimeter on the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Mali National Guard soldiers stand guard on the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • A Mali National Guard soldier stands guard on the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • A Mali gendarme directs traffic on the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • A Malian soldier stands guard on the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Mali National Guard soldiers stand guard on the military side of Bamako's airport Wednesday Jan. 16, 2013, during a joined visit to French and Malian troops by Mali's President Dioncounda Traore and French Ambassador to Mali Christian Rouyer. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • This night vision photo provided by the ECPAD/French Army shows French military armored vehicles on Bamako airport, Tuesday, Jan.15, 2013. (AP Photo/Jeremy Lempin, ECPAD, EMA)

  • This photo provided by the ECPAD/French Army shows a Rafale jetfighter flying over Mali, Tuesday, Jan.15, 2013. (AP Photo/Adj Nicolas-Nelson Richard, ECPAD, EMA)

  • This photo provided by the ECPAD/French Army shows French soldiers carrying ammunition at Bamako airport, Tuesday, Jan.15, 2013. (AP Photo/Jeremy Lempin, ECPAD, EMA)

  • This photo provided by the ECPAD/French Army shows a Rafale jet fighter refueling over Mali, Tuesday, Jan. 15, 2013. (AP Photo/Adj Nicolas-Nelson Richard, ECPAD, EMA)

  • Members of pro-Islamic human rights groups gather in front of the French consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2013 to protest against France's military intervention in Mali. (AP Photo)

  • Members of pro-Islamic human rights groups shout slogans in front of the French consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2013 to protest against France's military intervention in Mali. (AP Photo)

  • An Ivorian officer (sitting) and other ECOWAS army officers prepare a document during a meeting of chiefs of staff on January 16, 2013 at the Mali peacekeeping traning center in Bamako. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A soldier stands guard during a meeting by ECOWAS chiefs of staff on January 16, 2013 at the Mali peacekeeping traning center in Bamako. (ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images)