The EKOS research poll suggests that Quebec anglophones don't trust the Parti Québécois government, and 84 per cent believe the PQ would put further limits on the English language if it won a majority in the National Assembly.
The election of the minority PQ government last September has many anglophones questioning their future in Quebec.
Forty-two per cent of those surveyed said they have considered leaving the province in the wake of the PQ victory.
The PQ ranked lower than the Green Party, Québec Solidaire and even "other," when it came to anglophones who said they would vote for the party. According to those polled, only one per cent would cast their ballot for the PQ.
Jean-François Lisée, the PQ minister responsible for building bridges with the province's anglophone community, says that rift is deep-rooted and dates back to the "traumatic year" — the PQ's first win in 1976.
"There was a shift in power," he said. "There was an over-presence in the streets of Montreal. There was an over-extended presence of anglophone bosses and francophone employees. There was a real shift that needed to happen. It was not always done as delicately as it could been."
It was that "linguistic revolution" that formed the basis of the conflict between anglophone Quebecers and the party, he said.
While Lisée insisted historical tensions are not predictors for the party's future relationships with the anglophone population, others point to the party's more recent record as reinforcing that aversion.
Liberal education critic Gerry Sklavounos said the Marois government's plans to toughen the language law and invoke a "charter of secularism" are driving away anglophones.
"This is the kind of divisive politics the PQ likes to play. And this is the price they pay for playing divisive politics," he said.
"It's obvious that minorities and the anglophone community are worried about these positions."
The PQ concedes while it is trying to placate anglophones, its appeal will always remain limited as long as it promotes Quebec sovereignty.
However, Lisée said, changing the frame of the debate away from assimilation fears and towards building a strong French majority that is supported by strong anglophone and aboriginal communities is the goal.
"Trust is something that you can lose in a day but takes months or years to build," Lisée said.
"We've decided to start building it. So of course we're not there yet. . . but changing the frame of the debate is such an important thing."