A Montreal coffee shop is facing prosecution under Quebec’s language laws over its name, which spells “cafe” with an extra “f,” according to several news reports.

Caffe In Gamba, located in the city’s trendy Mile End neighbourhood, spells "cafe" the Italian way, with two 'f's.

The Office quebecois de la langue francaise (OQLF) has referred the case of Caffe In Gamba to Quebec’s criminal prosecutor, which has decided to pursue the case, La Presse reported Friday.

It’s the second time in as many weeks that an Italian eatery in Quebec has expressed concerns about what some see as overzealous enforcement of the province’s French-first language laws.

A public uproar last week over “Pastagate” — in which the trendy Italian restaurant Buonanotte was ordered to remove the word “pasta” from its menu — resulted in the provincial government ordering a review of how the OQLF handles cases.

The OQLF wants Caffe In Gambia to add phrases in French to its canopy signs, or to change its name outright to “Cafe In Gamba.” In addition, it wants nearly $1,900 in fines for violating Quebec’s language law.

Jean-Francois Leduc, the cafe’s owner, says he named the cafe in Italian because it is an Italian-style coffee shop, and the name is “part of that experience” for his customers.

He says he is trying to reach a compromise with the province. He plans to add the words “la maison de l’espresso” to his main coffee shop sign in the next few weeks, but says his other signs are too small to add the phrase.

The recent controversy over enforcement of Quebec’s language law has been a publicity headache for the province, with some observers growing worried it could harm Quebec’s ability to attract investment.

Last week’s “Pastagate” story was reported around the world and received 60 times as much press outside Canada as a story about Premier Pauline Marois’ efforts to drum up foreign investment for Quebec.

According to La Presse, the OQLF says businesses comply with its requests 98 per cent of the time. The office sends about 80 cases per year for prosecution.

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  • Chinese, n.o.s.

    <b>Language</b>: Chinese, n.o.s. <b>Originating country</b>: China <b>Decrease in Canada</b>: Approximately 8 per cent.

  • Italian

    <b>Language</b>: Italian <b>Originating country</b>: Italy <b>Decrease in Canada</b>: Approximately 5 per cent

  • Polish

    <b>Language</b>: Polish <b>Originating country</b>: Poland <b>Decrease in Canada</b>: Approximately 4 per cent

  • Greek

    <b>Language</b>: Greek <b>Originating country</b>: Greece <b>Decrease in Canada</b>: Approximately 1 per cent.

  • Vietnamese

    <b>Language</b>: Vietnamese <b>Originating country</b>: Vietnam <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 4 per cent.

  • Cantonese

    <b>Language</b>: Cantonese <b>Originating country</b>: China <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 4 per cent.

  • Portuguese

    <b>Language</b>: Portuguese <b>Originating countries</b>: Portugal, Brazil, as well as Mozambique and Angola, among others <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 8 per cent.

  • Serbian

    <b>Language</b>: Serbian <b>Originating country</b>: Serbia <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 10 per cent.

  • Ukrainian

    <b>Language</b>: Ukrainian <b>Originating country</b>: Ukraine <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 10 per cent.

  • Korean

    <b>Language</b>: Korean <b>Originating countries</b>: North and South Korea <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 13 per cent.

  • German

    <b>Language</b>: German <b>Originating countries</b>: Germany, as well as Austria and Switzerland, among others <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 15 per cent.

  • Romanian

    <b>Language</b>: Romanian <b>Originating countries</b>: Romania and Moldova <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 18 per cent.

  • Tamil

    <b>Language</b>: Tamil <b>Originating countries</b>: Sri Lanka, India, as well as Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius and Réunion <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 24 per cent.

  • Punjabi

    <b>Language</b>: Punjabi <b>Originating countries</b>:India and Pakistan <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 26 per cent.

  • Gujarati

    <b>Language</b>: Gujarati <b>Originating country</b>: India <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 28 per cent

  • Russian

    <b>Language</b>: Russian <b>Originating countries</b>: Russia, as well as countries of the former Soviet Union <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 28 per cent.

  • Urdu

    <b>Language</b>: Urdu <b>Originating countries</b>: Pakistan and India <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 32 per cent.

  • Spanish

    <b>Language</b>: Spanish <b>Originating countries</b>: Spain, most of Latin America <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 34 per cent.

  • Farsi/Persian

    <b>Language</b>: Farsi/Persian <b>Originating countries</b>: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Bahrain and Azerbaijan, among others <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 34 per cent.

  • Bengali

    <b>Language</b>: Bengali <b>Originating countries</b>: Bangladesh and India, as well as communities in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Singapore and others <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 40 per cent

  • Creoles

    <b>Language</b>: Creoles <b>Originating country</b>: Haiti <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 42 per cent

  • Hindi

    <b>Language</b>: Hindi <b>Originating country</b>: India <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 48 per cent

  • Arabic

    <b>Language</b>: Arabic <b>Originating countries</b>: The League of Arab States, including Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon and Jordan, among others, as well as Turkey, Iran and Israel, among others <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 45 per cent

  • Mandarin

    <b>Language</b>: Mandarin <b>Originating country</b>: Northern and southwestern China <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 53 per cent

  • Tagalog

    <b>Language</b>: Tagalog <b>Originating country</b>: Philippines <b>Increase in Canada</b>: Approximately 65 per cent

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