Fitch becomes the second major ratings agency to downgrade its rating for the U.K. to AA+. Though Fitch said the country had fiscal financing flexibility helped by the strength of the pound, it warned of problems ahead due to higher-than-projected debt and deficits.
"The fiscal space to absorb further adverse economic and financial shocks is no longer consistent with a 'AAA' rating," Fitch said in a statement.
Britain's government took the announcement in stride and declared that the rating was proof that the country could not walk away from its troubles. It took strength in the fact that Fitch gave the country a "stable" outlook.
"Though it is taking time, we are fixing this country's economic problems," the Treasury said in a statement. "The deficit is down by a third, a million and a quarter new private-sector jobs have been created and the credibility we have earned means households and businesses are benefitting from near record low interest rates."
The British government, which has long played on its AAA rating as a sign of its economic might, has been pursuing a harsh program of spending cuts and tax increases designed to reduce the nation's hefty deficit, which Fitch put at 7.4 per cent of the country's economic output. The U.K. is the third-largest economy in the 27-member European Union, after Germany and France, with a gross domestic product of 1.4 trillion pounds in 2012.
But the economy's growth has been flat-lining. Fitch estimated that the U.K. economy was not expected to reach its 2007 level of real GDP until 2014, underscoring the weakness of the recovery. This means that the U.K. economy cannot keep up with controlling its ballooning deficit.
The Moody's Investors Service, another rating agency, in February also stripped Britain of its AAA grade, but Standard & Poor's held steady.
A downgrade theoretically means that it will cost Britain more to sell bonds and finance its debt. That would mean the government would have to spend more money on debt servicing, exacerbating the country's budget problems.
Because a rating agency thinks it is riskier to lend Britain money, investors would normally demand a higher return to buy U.K. bonds. But it doesn't always turn out that way: Markets may have already calculated in those factors when Moody's downgraded the U.K. earlier this year.
The rating companies are known for being slow to pull the trigger, but Britain's rating has been under pressure since Treasury chief George Osborne abandoned his debt reduction target in last year's autumn budget statement.Suggest a correction