The legislation will allow victims and their families to get protection orders from a court if they are being harassed online.
The proposed cyber safety act will allow the the unit to investigate complaints and issue prevention orders forbidding someone from communicating online. The legislation would also allow victims of cyberbullying and their families to seek a court protection order that could result in someone having their computer or phone confiscated.
Members of the investigative unit may visit perpetrators' homes and offenders could face a $5,000 fine or six months in jail, even for a first-time offence.
Parents could also be liable for the damages.
Nova Scotia Justice Minister Ross Landry said the goal is to close the gaps in the law.
"A lot of people involved in cyberbullying are young people, children in school. We're not wanting to make criminals out of them, but we want a mechanism where we can respond to situations and hold them accountable while engaging them with the school system — if that's appropriate — and with their families," he said Thursday.
"You take a young person's phone away from them for a week and that has a significant impact."
Landry said if a complaint is criminal, it will be turned over to police.
"The parents and families will have responsibilities and will be accountable for their children to ensure the behaviour is stopped," he said.
'It's a big step in helping people'
The bill, which will formally be introduced in the Nova Scotia legislature on Thursday afternoon, would also give school principals clear authority to act against bullying on or off school grounds and online.
"I don't think bullying will ever end, but it's a big step in helping people get help," said Kalkidan Gevre, a Grade 12 student at Halifax West High School.
The legislation comes nearly three weeks after the death of Rehtaeh Parsons, a 17-year-old girl from Cole Harbour, N.S.
According to Leah Parsons, Rehtaeh's mother, four boys sexually assaulted her daughter when she was 15. Rehtaeh was then said to have been mocked by classmates, enduring relentless harassment and humiliation after a photo of the attack was circulated at school and on social media.
On April 7, Rehtaeh was taken off life support after attempting to take her own life a few days earlier.
Meeting with PM
Rehtaeh's mother and family met with the prime minister on Tuesday to discuss changes to the Criminal Code. Hours after today's announcement, Leah Parsons posted a message on Facebook.
"I wish you were here to tell you about it. I will say that Rehtaeh, you give me strength to continue to honour you," she wrote.
"I tried my best over the past two days to make this about you, my girl. Not another suicide statistic, not another 'case,' 'story.' I wanted to give them a face to say this is my daughter. This is now my living nightmare, but it could have easily been anyone's daughter. The cruelty is out there hiding behind the keyboard, the cellphone. We need a cultural shift in our attitude towards the treatment of other human beings."
As for the investigative unit, people still need to be hired. The province said it will likely take four to six months to get the unit up and running.
On Wednesday, federal Justice Minister Rob Nicholson and his provincial and territorial counterparts agreed to complete a review of the Criminal Code by June as part of their efforts to combat cyberbullying.
The joint review by officials at both levels of government was initiated last fall and is meant to identify gaps in the Criminal Code that could be filled to better protect people from online harassment.