The accident happened at around 10:40 p.m. on Highway 112 near Rougemont.
First responders at the scene needed the jaws of life to extract the driver from the car.
Sgt. Claude Denis of the Sûreté du Québec said the young man was rushed to hospital, where he died of his injuries shortly before midnight.
The tractor driver had to be treated for shock, but was not injured otherwise.
Denis said speed may have been a factor in the accident and that the driver would not be charged.