Canada’s oil and gas industry is in trouble.

Not financially, of course. A 2013 survey by Hays Oil and Gas, a recruitment and consulting firm, ranked Canada fifth in highest salaries for the sector — a cool average of $123,000.

The sector’s problem is people. More specifically, a lack of people.

Despite the promising salary figures — almost $80,000 more than the Canadian average salary of $43,600 — many young people are turning away from the industry to join more attractive technology-related companies, the Hays report found. In North America, places like Silicon Valley and other smart technology companies are seeking to capitalize on the available technical talent.

"The Canadian oil and gas industry is watching its talent supply dry up, " Jim Fearon, regional director of Hays Canada, said in a press release.

Hays' research found that only 18 per cent of Canadians in the oil and gas sector were under 35. In other countries, that age group makes up 33 per cent of the labour force.

"A high volume of oil and gas employees are approaching retirement and without attracting a younger work force and addressing skills shortages this sector is facing major challenges to meet its growth potential,” he said.

Fearon told The Financial Post that more and more young’uns are shunning shale and gravitating towards tech-heavy companies — even with a 7.2 per cent unemployment rate — and Canada’s affinity for the environment isn’t helping the labour shortage either.

“If you look at the generation coming out of school these days, there is a lot of interest in industries perceived as being sexier,” he said.

“That’s where a lot of technology-minded individuals are moving.”

A 2012 University of Calgary study in 2012 found that Canadians have trust issues with the oil business, ranking it at the bottom of a list of trustworthy industries, alongside lawyers and used car salesmen.

An Ernst and Young report focused on Alberta found that while the sector’s “skills crunch” is nothing new, the labour shortage is “deeper and more systemic than anything the industry has grappled with before.”

The key challenges facing the sector, according to the report, are aging demographics and an increasing need for higher levels of training, as well as a static group of qualified employees who are highly mobile — a “perfect demographic storm.”

The oil sands directly employed 22,340 workers as of 2012, according to the Petroleum Human Resources Council of Canada. The report found that in order to meet growing oil sands production, the sector must add another 16,000 direct new jobs between 2013 and 2022.

There were some silver linings. The Hays survey found that 76 per cent of respondents were “positive to very positive” in their outlook on the sector, and 31 per cent of employers expect salary increases between five and 10 per cent over the next 12 months.

Shahir Mishriki, president of the Engineering Student Society at the University of Calgary, told The Calgary Herald that while many of his classmates are well aware of the lucrative spoils of the oil and gas industry, they’re in it for more than just the cash.

"I think the money is something that definitely does appeal to students," he said
"But there are other factors. I think the fact that the industry is here and so you won't have to move is another one. I think a lot of students want to stay here, or see themselves as staying in the province."

And if all else fails, recruiting at junior hockey games may prove helpful.

-- With files from The Canadian Press

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  • Clayton Riddell Paramount Resources Ltd.

    Base Salary 436,225 Shares 321,000 Options 3,929,422 Total 4,686,647

  • 13. Edward S. Sampson, Niko Resources Ltd.

  • Edward S. Sampson, Niko Resources Ltd

    Base Salary 753,528 Bonus 476,676 Options 3,537,615 Total 4,767,819

  • 12. Marvin Romanow Nexen Inc.

  • Marvin Romanow Nexen Inc.

    Base Salary 1,331,250 Shares 507,584 Options 1,137,728 Pension 1,725,400 Other 341,370 Total 5,043,332

  • 11. James Riddell Trilogy Energy Corp.

  • James Riddell Trilogy Energy Corp.

    Bonus 443,663 Shares 2,061,700 Options 2,738,000 Other 15,006 Total 5,258,369

  • 10. Bruce March Imperial Oil Ltd.

  • Bruce March Imperial Oil Ltd.

    Base Salary 524,223 Bonus 801,051 Shares 2,192,320 Pension 1,308,434 Other 830,876 Total 5,656,904

  • 9. Steve Laut Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.

  • Steve Laut Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.

    Base Salary 600,000 Bonus 2,165,000 Options 3,474,000 Other 97,768 Total 6,336,768

  • 8. Asim Ghosh Husky Energy Inc.

  • Asim Ghosh Husky Energy Inc.

    Base Salary 1,459,625 Bonus 2,300,000 Shares 832,806 Options 1,538,385 Pension 131,366 Other 131,657 Total 6,393,839

  • 7. Russell Girling, TransCanada Corp

  • Russell Girling, TransCanada Corp

    Base Salary 1,083,338 Bonus 1,459,200 Shares 2,700,000 Options 900,000 Pension 722,000 Other 10,833 Total 6,875,371

  • 6. Patrick Daniel, Enbridge Inc

  • Patrick Daniel, Enbridge Inc

    Base Salary 1,269,750 Bonus 2,396,000 Shares 1,429,504 Options 1,464,000 Pension 862,000 Other 200,513 Total 7,621,767

  • 5. John Manzoni Talisman Energy Inc

  • John Manzoni Talisman Energy Inc

    Base Salary 1,481,077 Bonus 1,009,690 Shares 2,311,956 Options 2,292,483 Pension 1,290,400 Other 257,046 Total 8,642,652

  • 4. Randall Eresman Encana Corp.

  • Randall Eresman Encana Corp.

    Base Salary 1,400,000 Bonus 1,207,500 Shares 4,344,200 Options 2,165,894 Pension (116,376) Other 148,881 Total 9,150,100

  • 3. Brian Ferguson, Cenovus Energy Inc.

  • Brian Ferguson, Cenovus Energy Inc.

    Base Salary 1,068,750 Bonus 2,165,625 Shares 1,999,380 Options 1,999,380 Pension 1,897,590 Other 112,395 Total 9,243,120

  • 2. Scott Saxberg, Crescent Point Energy Corp

  • Scott Saxberg, Crescent Point Energy Corp

    Base Salary 386,900 Bonus 292,000 Shares 8,743,840 Other 7,014 Total 9,429,754

  • 1. Rick George

  • Rick George

    Base Salary 1,483,846 Bonus 3,060,000 Shares 4,596,111 Options 4,596,445 Pension 941,200 Other 180,216 <b>Total 14,857,818 </b>