Ray Manzarek, the keyboardist and founding member of The Doors who had a dramatic impact on rock 'n' roll, has died. He was 74.

Manzarek died Monday at the RoMed Clinic in Rosenheim, Germany, surrounded by his family, said publicist Heidi Robinson-Fitzgerald. Robinson-Fitzgerald said his manager, Tom Vitorino, confirmed Manzarek died around 3:30 p.m. EDT, after being stricken by bile duct cancer.

Manzarek founded The Doors after meeting then-poet Jim Morrison in California. The band went on to become one of the most successful rock 'n' roll acts to emerge from the 1960s and continues to resonate with fans decades after Morrison's death brought an effective end to the band.

The Chicago native continued to remain active in music after Morrison's 1971 death. He briefly tried to hold the band together by serving as vocalist, but eventually the group fell apart. He played in other bands over the years, produced other acts, became an author and worked on films.

The Doors were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Manzarek is among the most notable keyboard players in rock history. His lead-instrument work with the band at a time when the guitar often dominated added a distinct end-times flavour that matched Morrison's often out there imagery and persona.

The group is best known for hits like "L.A.Woman," "Break On Through to the Other Side," "The End" and "Light My Fire" and came to symbolize the decadence of Los Angeles as the counterculture grew in the U.S.

Morrison and Manzarek met at UCLA film school and ran into each other in Venice a few months after graduation, Manzarek recounted in a 1967 interview with Billboard.

Outwardly the two seemed so different. The strikingly tall, dark and handsome Morrison looked the part of rock star, while Manzarek, with glasses and comparatively close-cropped blonde hair, retained a more professorial look.

Inwardly, though, they were kindred spirits, as Manzarek discovered when Morrison read him the lyrics for a song called "Moonlight Drive."

"I'd never heard lyrics to a rock song like that before," Manzarek said. "We talked a while before we decided to get a group together and make a million dollars."

The band would make far more than that. The Doors, which also included guitarist Robby Krieger and drummer John Densmore, has sold more than 100 million albums and their music has been re-released and repackaged multiple times over the years, been featured prominently in movies and holds an oft-debated place in rock history. Manzarek and Krieger reunited to tour as The Doors in recent years.

While Morrison, with his proto-celebrity lifestyle and tragic end, forever will remain the face of The Doors, you could argue Manzarek's keyboard work was every bit as important and helped balance some of the singer's more over-the-top moments.

His creepy organ line on "Light My Fire" adds a weirdo menace to what outwardly is a rock 'n' roll pick-up song. And his after-hours, lounge style on "Riders On the Storm" transforms that song into an epic unlike anything else the band ever did.

Manzarek is survived by his wife, Dorothy, his son Pablo and two brothers, Rick and James. Funeral arrangements are pending.

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  • Alec Damiano

    R.I.P. Ray Manzarek, keyboardist of The Doors. His music has had such a tremendous influence on me. I'm so bummed.

  • Michael Manarino

    RIP Ray Manzarek, music lost a legend today.

  • The Management

    #TheDoors Ray Manzarek RIP #LEGEND

  • Eric Cottingham

    Ray Manzarek rip.

  • AndyR

    Rest in Peace Ray Manzarek...a sad loss to the music world. His Doors are closed but will be forever opened in our minds..

  • Ryan Smith

    Sad to hear of the death of Ray Manzarek. Looking forward to many more trips with him leading the way. #thedoors #raymanzarek @TheDoors

  • Manuel Gutierrez

    Farewell to the legend Ray Manzarek from The Doors. R.I.P

  • Frankie™

    RIP Ray Manzarek keyboardist of The Doors are and always will be one of my favourite bands, death of a legend #raymanzarek #thedoors

  • Leon Milk

    R.I.P Ray Manzarek #thedoors

  • Vivek A.

    Pour one out for Ray Manzarek. Made great music with The Doors.

  • Neil Coyne

    Can't believe Ray Manzarek is dead the best keyboard player there was thoughts with his family and friends and all associated with @TheDoors

  • Ian Tyrer

    Another Legend leaves this world RIP Ray Manzarek

  • Dudlow Joe

    It's sad to hear of the passing of Ray Manzarek today. He was a great keyboard player, and an inspiration for us.

  • Adam Peleshaty

    Ray Manzarek is now God's keyboardist. Long live The Doors.

  • Joel Mathis

    Ray Manzarek can't be dead. He still hasn't finished that goddamn keyboard solo from 1965 yet.

  • Franco

    RIP Ray Manzarek... I can't believe it...

  • Victor O. López

    RIP Ray Manzarek #TheDoors

  • Ryan Dennie

    RIP Ray Manzarek, we lost one of the last truely talented musicians today

  • Kimberley Farrell

    Another legend gone @TheDoors Rest in Peace Ray Manzarek #breakonthrough

  • Kelly Daugherty

    <3 R.I.P. Ray Manzarek!! Thank you <3 x x @TheDoors