The Quebec City native replaces the departed John Tortorella, who was shown the door by the club after the Rangers were ousted by the Boston Bruins in the second round of the Stanley Cup playoffs.
Vigneault, the former Vancouver Canucks bench boss, was fired in May — less than two years after guiding his club to the Stanley Cup final — after his team fizzled out in the first round of the playoffs. The Canucks were swept by the sixth-place San Jose Sharks. It was just the first time in 12 years Vancouver was eliminated in four straight playoff games.
The 52-year-old Vigneault comes with plenty of experience, having been at the helm of the Canucks since replacing Marc Crawford in 2006, and compiling a regular-season coaching record of 313-170-57 with Vancouver. He led the team to two Presidents' Trophy titles and won the Jack Adams award in 2007.
He previously coached the Montreal Canadiens from 1997-2001.