"NHL 14," due out Sept. 10 in North America, marks the first time since NHL '97 (John Vanbiesbrouck) that a goalie has appeared on the cover.
Fans cast more than 22 million votes in the second annual cover athlete campaign.
"The support I've received throughout the cover vote campaign has been incredible," the 41-year-old Brodeur said in a statement Friday. "My kids pushed me to participate in the campaign, and they are really excited to see their dad on the cover of the game they play all the time."
The choice of Brodeur is timely given that the New Jersey Devils are hosting Sunday's NHL draft. Brodeur's son, a 17-year-old goalie named Jeremy, is eligible for the draft.
Philadelphia's Claude Giroux was on the EA game cover last year. Other recent cover athletes include Steven Stamkos, Jonathan Toews and Patrick Kane.