SPCA Const. Lyndsay Bailey says Hubert Henry allegedly left a one-year-old female pitbull tethered to his truck without food, water or shelter last May.
In 2009, Henry received a $300-fine for the same offence against two other pitbulls.
A more severe sentence could be imposed this time around, Bailey said.
"The difference is, this time the Crown approved a Criminal Code charge. So hopefully, due to the past that he obviously didn't learn his lesson, hopefully that if found guilty, the punishment will fit the crime," she said.
A conviction under the Criminal Code could result in a fine of up to $75,000, five years in jail and a ban on owning animals.
Bailey said all three of Henry's former pit bulls have since been adopted.