Facebook has released its first-ever Transparency Report, breaking down government requests for data on users according to country.
There were 192 requests from Canadian government agencies in the first half of 2013, the social site said in its report, relating to 219 Facebook accounts.
Of those requests, Facebook was required by law to hand over data in 44 per cent of cases. The company did not break down what sorts of requests they were, or to what investigations they related.
Canada’s numbers are relatively low compared to many other developed countries — particularly the U.S., where the number is so high (and the laws so convoluted) that Facebook only offered an estimate: 11,000 to 12,000 requests in the first half of 2013, relating to 20,000 to 21,000 accounts.
Adjusted for population, the U.S. has a request rate five times higher than Canada’s.
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Hungary - 1 request
25. Czech Republic - 10 requests
24. Denmark - 11 requests
23. Netherlands - 11 requests
22. Finland - 12 requests
21. Romania - 16 requests
20. Norway - 16 requests
19. Ireland - 34 requests
18. Switzerland - 32 requests
17. Austria - 35 requests
16. Sweden - 54 requests
15. New Zealand - 106 requests
14. Greece - 122 requests
13. Belgium - 150 requests
12. Portugal - 177 requests
11. Canada - 192 requests
10. Poland - 233 requests
9. Spain - 479 requests
8. Australia - 546 requests
7. Brazil - 715 requests
6. France - 1,547 requests
5. Italy - 1,705 requests
4. Germany - 1,886 requests
3. The United Kingdom - 1,975 requests
2. India - 3,245 requests
1. United States - 11,000 to 12,000
In all, the governments of 74 countries made a total of 38,000 info requests in the first half of the year, Facebook said.
The report comes amid increased public concern about government invasion of privacy following revelations earlier this year that the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) runs a program called PRISM that collects data from social sites including Facebook.
Other companies that are alleged to be part of PRISM include Google, Microsoft, Yahoo and AOL, which owns the Huffington Post Canada.
The Transparency Report marks the first time Facebook has revealed data about government requests from around the world. The social site joins companies like Google and Microsoft in doing so.
While Facebook requests are generally assumed to be related to law enforcement, there have been cases of repressive governments using the social site to monitor political activists. The Associated Press reports:
Facebook and Twitter have become organizing platforms for activists and, as such, have become targets for governments. During anti-government protests in Turkey in May and June, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan called social media “the worst menace to society.”
At the time, Facebook denied it provided information about protest organizers to the Turkish government.
Data released Tuesday show authorities in Turkey submitted 96 requests covering 173 users. Facebook said it provided some information in about 45 of those cases, but there’s no information on what was turned over and why.
“We fight many of these requests, pushing back when we find legal deficiencies and narrowing the scope of overly broad or vague requests,” Colin Stretch, Facebook’s general counsel company said in a blog post. “When we are required to comply with a particular request, we frequently share only basic user information, such as name.”