OTTAWA - Cuba, Iran, Belarus and Russia used a United Nations body Thursday to criticize Canada's human-rights record, as the Canadian envoy rejected calls to develop a comprehensive national review to end violence against aboriginal women.

Canada was responding Thursday to the UN Human Rights Council, which is conducting its Universal Periodic Review of Canada's rights record, on a wide range of issues from poverty, immigration and the criminal justice system.

Countries have their rights records reviewed every four years by the Geneva-based UN forum, but the Harper government has been skeptical in part because it allows countries with dubious rights records to criticize Canada.

On Thursday, that happened again.

Cuba said it deplored Canada's rejection of one of its human-rights recommendations, while Iran took Canada to task for rejecting four that it had made.

Belarus blasted Canada for not doing enough to combat child prostitution, and said it should allow a series of UN special rapporteurs to come to Canada investigate various topics.

Russia said it was "bewildered" that Canada rejected a recommendation related to the "brutal beating" of a Russian national in a Calgary jail cell.

Canada's ambassador to the UN in Geneva, Elissa Golberg, offered a brief rebuttal to Belarus, saying it should allow UN rapporteurs to visit, but did not engage directly with the other countries that criticized Canada.

"Canada is proud of its human-rights record, and our peaceful and diverse society," Golberg told the one-hour session.

While no society is entirely free of discrimination, she noted, Canada has "a strong legal and policy framework for the promotion and protection of human rights, and an independent court system."

Recommendations from those countries were among the 40 of 162 that Canada chose to reject.

That also included a rejection of a series of resolutions calling on Canada to undertake sweeping national reviews of violence against aboriginal women.

Golberg said Canada takes the issue seriously and that provincial and local governments are better suited to getting results on those issues.

In Ottawa, Shawn Atleo, national chief of Canada's Assembly of First Nations, said there is deep concern among aboriginals over the government's refusal to conduct a national review of the problem.

"There is strong support for this action domestically among provincial and territorial leaders and the Canadian public and strong international support, not to mention a multitude of reports and investigations that urge Canada to act," Atleo said in a statement.

The federal New Democrats also issued a statement calling the government's response "shocking."

In Toronto, Teresa Piruzza, the Ontario minister responsible for women's issues, expressed disappointment, saying it is "really a national issue."

But a statement from Justice Minister Peter MacKay's office said the government is focused on action — not meetings and studies.

"This includes creating a new National Centre for Missing Persons, improving law enforcement databases and developing community safety plans specifically designed for Aboriginal communities," the statement said.

At the UN, the countries that called for a national review included Switzerland, Norway, Slovenia, Slovakia and New Zealand.

Other countries with poor rights records, including Iran, Cuba and Belarus, also supported the call for an investigation into the disappearances, murder and sexual abuse of aboriginal women in Canada.

In a report tabled Thursday in Geneva, Canada says it is "strongly committed to taking action with aboriginal and non-aboriginal groups to prevent and stop violence against aboriginal women" through a series of federal and provincial initiatives.

"There have been a number of inquiries and resulting proposals for improvements over the years," says the reply.

"In addition, race-based statistics are not recorded in a systematic manner across Canada's criminal justice system due to operational, methodological, legal and privacy concerns."

Canada faced similar calls to better address the concerns of its aboriginal population in 2009, when it faced its last review by the UN body.

"Such comments were made by a range of states, some of them close allies, some not. For example, the United Kingdom, Norway and the Netherlands, as well as Cuba and Iran, recommended that Canada better address Aboriginal Peoples' concerns," said an April 2013 Library of Parliament review of the UN review process.

The issue reared its head again in February when the New York-based group Human Rights Watch issued a highly critical report alleging police abuse of aboriginal women in British Columbia.

It too urged the Harper government to strike a national commission of inquiry along with the B.C. provincial government, a measure that was endorsed by the NDP, Liberals, the Green party and the Assembly of First Nations.

James Anaya, the UN special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, is scheduled to visit Canada in October to conduct his own inquiry.

The federal government will get a chance to respond to Anaya's findings before a final report is circulated and presented to the UN rights council.

The Harper government has butted heads in the past with previous UN special rapporteurs.

Conservative cabinet ministers have blasted the UN's right-to-food envoy Olivier De Schutter for saying too many Canadian citizens are going hungry.

It is all part of a periodic war of words between the Harper government and various UN bodies. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights has criticized a Quebec law on demonstrations, prompting a quick response from Ottawa.

The UN Committee Against Torture has also accused Ottawa of being "complicit" in human rights violations committed against three Arab-Canadian men held in Syria after 9-11.

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  • Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.

  • #1 Canada

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In Canada, 62 per cent of university graduates in 2008 were women.

  • #2 Germany

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In Germany, 83 years of age is the average life expectancy for women.

  • #3 United Kingdom

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In the United Kingdom, 22.3 per cent of judges are women.

  • #4 Australia

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>Almost 36 per cent of parliamentary seats are held by women.

  • #5 France

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In France, new moms get 16 weeks of full paid maternity leave.

  • #6 United States

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>60 per cent of masters degrees earned in 2008 were held by women.

  • #7 Japan

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>The life expectancy of women in Japan is 87.

  • #8 Italy

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In Italy, 57.7 per cent of students enrolled in tertiary education are female.

  • #9 Argentina

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>Moms in Argentina get 90 days of full paid maternity leave.

  • #10 South Korea

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In South Korea, 6 out of 10 men say they have more of a right to work when jobs are scarce.

  • #11 Brazil

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>At least 250, 000 children are believed to be involved in prostitution.

  • #12 Turkey

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In Turkey, 3.8 million women are illiterate.

  • #13 Russia

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>At least 14, 000 women die every year from domestic violence in Russia.

  • #14 China

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In 2008, 1.09 million girls were dead or "missing" at birth due to infanticide.

  • #15 Mexico

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In Mexico, 1 out of 4 women experience sexual abuse by a partner.

  • #16 South Africa

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>In South Africa, 42.3 per cent of seats held in politics are by women.

  • #17 Indonesia

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>At least 90 per cent of women claim to be sexually assaulted in the workplace.

  • #18 Saudi Arabia

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>Women were given the right to vote in Saudi Arabia in 2011.

  • #19 India

    <em>Click FULL SCREEN to view slides in detail.</em><br>Almost 45 per cent of girls in India are married before they turn 18.