TORONTO -- The father of a Toronto boy who starved to death in the care of his grandparents says when his son was a toddler he was very energetic and loved Superman, jumping off chairs to try to fly.

Richard Baldwin is telling an inquest into his son Jeffrey's death that he was a happy boy, always wanting hugs and kisses.

Baldwin and his common-law wife lost custody of Jeffrey to her parents when he was a toddler.

Elva Bottineau and Norman Kidman got custody of Jeffrey and his three siblings first by children's aid societies then permanently by the courts despite having previous child abuse convictions.

Baldwin says if he had known about Bottineau and Kidman's past he would not have allowed them to get custody of his children, saying he would have preferred that they go into foster care.

In Bottineau and Kidman's home, Jeffrey wasted away and eventually starved to death, weighing just 21 pounds -- about the same as his weight on his first birthday.

Baldwin testified Wednesday that he knew something was terribly wrong the last time he saw his frail five-year-old son.

But Baldwin said he felt powerless to ask for help from a system that had branded the grandparents who would eventually starve the boy to death as model caregivers.

Bottineau and Kidman are serving life sentences for second-degree murder.

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  • India: $20,000-$35,000

    It takes 2-3 years to bring a child home. Couples must be married for at least 5 years. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">The Adoption Guide</a></em>

  • Russia: $40,000-$60,000

    Parents must make 2-3 trips over. Russian government focuses on the mental and physical health of prospective parents. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">The Adoption Guide</a></em>

  • China: $20,000-$40,000

    China has a very long wait time of around 4-6 years, with strict income guidelines and a law of one parent being 35 or older. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">Holt International</a></em>

  • Bulgaria: $25,000-$35,000

    Most children are over the age of 5. Married couples and singles can adopt. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">The Adoption Guide</a></em>

  • Vietnam: $15,000-$25,000

    This program is currently suspended in the U.S. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">Holt International</a></em>

  • U.S. Foster Adoption: Up to $5,000

    The costs depend on who you work with for the adoption (agency, social services, attorney). In 2009, the average wait of a child from foster care to adoption was 30 months. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">The Adoption Guide</a></em>

  • Ethiopia: $20,000-$40,000:

    In 2010, 43% of children adopted were 1-4 years old. Wait times vary. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">The Adoption Guide</a></em>

  • South Korea: $20,000-$40,000

    Usually 1-4 years wait time with children who have moderate to severe special needs being placed quicker. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">Holt International</a></em>

  • U.S. Domestic Infant Adoption: $25,000-$40,000 or more.

    Usually a short wait time, but costs vary depending on agency or private attorney. <em> Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">The Adoption Guide</a></em>

  • Thailand: $10,000-$20,000

    Wait time is 24-30 months with both parents staying for 1-2 weeks there. <em>Source: <a href="" target="_hplink">Holt International</a></em>

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