BUSINESS

Food Banks In Canada Feed 800,000; Near Recession Highs

11/05/2013 12:09 EST | Updated 01/23/2014 06:58 EST
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FALKENSEE, GERMANY - OCTOBER 15: Ilona, a volunteer at the Falkenseer Tafel food bank, prepares groceries for the once-a-week food distribution on October 15, 2013 in Falkensee, Germany. The International Red Cross released a report last week claiming that the number of people across Europe who depend on food aid has risen sharply in the last three years, despite the region's growing recovery from the world financial crisis. A spokesman for the Falkenseer Tafel confirmed that the food bank serves aprroximately 50% more people than two to three years ago. The Falkenseer Tafel is part of a nation-wide network of food banks that collects groceries from supermarkets, butchers and bakeries to sell to low-income people for a small sum. A worker at the food bank said that the amount of food donated has gone down in recent years, as has the quality, because supermarkets are increasingly offering discounts on nearly-expired items. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
OTTAWA - The number of Canadians using food banks has fallen off slightly but still remains near record highs almost four years after the end of the economic recession.

The annual study by Food Banks Canada, scheduled for release Tuesday, shows that more than 833,000 people relied on food handouts during one snapshot month earlier this year, compared with 872,379 the previous March. More than a third of them were children.

"Underlying this small drop is a concern of enormous proportions: food bank use remains higher than it was before the recession began," the report states.

"During a time of apparent economic recovery, far too many Canadians still struggle to put food on the table."

Low-income jobs are the culprit, the report found, and there's an abundance of them thanks to a Canada-wide loss of manufacturing jobs over the past three decades.

Roadblocks on the path to employment insurance and social assistance — and the paltry incomes provided by those programs once disadvantaged Canadians are able to access them — only add to the misery.

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Best To Worst Poverty Rates In Canada

The annual HungerCount study provides one of the most up-to-date national indicators of poverty. The latest Statistics Canada numbers show that 8.8 per cent of people were living below the low-income cutoff in 2011.

Who is going hungry in 2013? More than half of those turning to food banks are families with children, the report concludes.

Twelve per cent of households asking for help were currently employed, while another five per cent were recently employed.

Eleven per cent of those using food banks self-identify as First Nations, Metis or Inuit, and another 11 per cent are new immigrants to Canada.

"Both of these groups continue to face unacceptable levels of poverty, and are forced to turn to food banks as a result," the study found.

Food Banks Canada called on governments to invest in affordable housing, better income supports and to "increase social investment in northern Canada to address the stunning levels of food insecurity in northern regions."

"We lose billions of dollars each year trying to address the health and social consequences of poverty after it takes its toll, rather than preventing it in the first place," the study found.

Katharine Schmidt, the organization's executive director, said the while federal and provincial governments are attempting to do more to combat hunger, the numbers remain disturbingly high.

"We've got a long way to go," Schmidt said in an interview. "One child going to bed hungry is one child too many, and we have 300,000 of them in this country."

She added that while the country's thousands of food banks are "really doing their best," they do not represent a long-term solution because they cannot address the root causes of hunger.

"We believe that government does care, that they do see that they have a role to play," she said. "The challenge is actually implementing a change in policy."