Canada has some of the slowest internet speeds in the developed world.

According to data from broadband research company Ookla, Canadians on average had the 38th fastest internet speeds in the world. Among developed countries, only a handful had slower internet speeds than Canada, among them Australia, New Zealand and Italy.

That represents a fall of five spots since this spring, when Canada ranked 33rd in Ookla’s survey.

Ookla crowdsources data from SpeedTest.net, a site that allows web users to test the speed of their connections. The research firm used millions of these tests to compile its data on internet speeds around the world. The numbers represent an aggregate of actual internet speeds, not speeds as advertised by providers.

The average internet speed in Canada was 18.94 Mbps over the past six months, up from 16.6 Mbps this spring. But despite the apparent improvement, Canada slipped on the rankings as other countries saw larger increases in internet speed.

Canadians' average is speed is less than a third of world-leading Hong Kong, at 70.91 Mbps.

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  • 38: Canada

    18.94 Mbps Average speed as crowdsourced at <a href="http://www.netindex.com/download/allcountries/" target="_blank">Ookla</a>.

  • 37: Spain

    18.97 Mbps

  • 36: Slovakia

    19.41 Mbps

  • 35: Austria

    20.07 Mbps

  • 34: Russia

    20.15 Mbps

  • 33: Malta

    20.18 Mbps

  • 32: United States

    20.75 Mbps

  • 31: Ukraine

    20.84 Mbps

  • 30: Uruguay

    21.76 Mbps

  • 29: Hungary

    22.89 Mbps

  • 28: Estonia

    23.06 Mbps

  • 27: Germany

    23.20 Mbps

  • 26: Czech Republic

    23.24 Mbps

  • 25: Liechtenstein

    23.31 Mbps

  • 24: United Kingdom

    23.66 Mbps

  • 23: Portugal

    24.12 Mbps

  • 22: France

    24.76 Mbps

  • 21: Finland

    26.23 Mbps

  • 20: Norway

    26.83 Mbps

  • 19: Belgium

    27.98 Mbps

  • 18: Bulgaria

    29.10 Mbps

  • 17: Moldova

    32.25 Mbps

  • 16: Luxembourg

    33.48 Mbps

  • 15: Iceland

    34.42 Mbps

  • 14: Switzerland

    34.97 Mbps

  • 13: Denmark

    35.23 Mbps

  • 12: Latvia

    37.42 Mbps

  • 11: Taiwan

    37.71 Mbps

  • 10: Andorra

    38.42 Mbps

  • 9: Netherlands

    38.71 Mbps

  • 8: Macau

    40.63 Mbps

  • 7: Lithuania

    40.98 Mbps

  • 6: Japan

    40.99 Mbps

  • 5: Sweden

    42.95 Mbps

  • 4: South Korea

    47.58 Mbps

  • 3: Romania

    52.00 Mbps

  • 2: Singapore

    53.11 Mbps

  • 1: Hong Kong

    70.91 Mbps

How a country ranks on the listings depends not only on the quality of the internet infrastructure, but also on affordability: If internet services are too expensive, consumers will opt for lower-speed services, and average speeds will be lower.

Canada ranks 30th on Ookla’s list of lowest internet costs. At $3.61 per Mbps on average, Canada is slightly cheaper than the U.S. ($3.82) and slightly more expensive than Sweden ($3.55). Despite this, Sweden ranks fifth in the world on Internet speeds.

The CRTC’s latest survey of broadband services finds broadband is now available to 99 per cent of Canadian households, including 95 per cent of households in rural areas.

The availability of ultra-high-speed internet (100 Mbps+) has increased considerably, with about a third of Canadian households having the option to order the service. That’s up from only around 10 per cent in 2009.

The number of households with broadband grew to 13.5 million in 2012, up from 13 million in 2010, the CRTC reported.