The Métis group says that two dams operated by BC Hydro in northern British Columbia have significantly reduced the flow of water in the Peace and Athabasca Rivers, both of which feed the largest freshwater inland delta in the world.
They argue that dams have had irreversible impacts on the wildlife and plants in the region, preventing the Métis from continuing their way of life.
Fred Fraser, the president of the Fort Chipewyan chapter of the Métis Nation, filed the lawsuit.
He said that they were never consulted when the dams were put in place in 1968 and 1980.
“When they put the dam in they ... never ever came to us and said they're putting the dam in,” Fraser said. “Nobody had any idea about what was happening.”
Now Fraser said the Métis are seeing the effects.
“Well before this Bennett dam went in, there used to be regular, well not regular floods, but every three to five years we'd have a flood that overflowed the banks. So everybody had animals for trapping on their trapline.
"Since they put that Bennett dam in we have no more floods and everything is drying up. There's nothing but willows growing all over in what used to be lakes.”
The lawsuit, filed last month, accuses the federal government of failing to protect their Métis rights, wildlife, and waterways.
Fraser says they want to be compensated to the tune of $3 billion.
Hearings are currently underway in Fort St. John, B.C. into BC Hydro’s latest proposed dam, called Site C, which will also be on the Peace River, seven kilometres downstream from Fort St. John. A decision isn't expected until the middle of next year.
BC Hydro was not available yesterday for an interview.