LONDON - He may have a license to kill, but is he sober enough to shoot?

British doctors who carefully read Ian Fleming's series of James Bond novels say the celebrated spy regularly drank more than four times the recommended limit of alcohol per week. Their research was published in the light-hearted Christmas edition of the medical journal BMJ on Thursday.

Dr. Patrick Davies and colleagues at Nottingham University Hospital analyzed 14 James Bond books and documented every drink Bond had. They also noted days when he was unable to drink, such as when he was hospitalized, in rehab or imprisoned.

The academics found that the spy also known as 007 drank about 92 units of alcohol a week; more than four times the safe amount recommended by the British government.

One unit is about eight grams of pure alcohol. A pint of beer has three units of alcohol, about the same as a large glass of wine.

Bond's drinking habits put him at high risk for numerous alcohol-related diseases and an early alcohol-related death, the authors write.

"The level of functioning as displayed in the books is inconsistent with the physical, mental and indeed sexual functioning expected from someone drinking this much alcohol," the authors conclude.

Davies and colleagues also suspect Bond's trademark order that his martinis be "shaken, not stirred" may have been because he had an alcohol-induced tremor and was simply unable to stir his drinks.

They noted his biggest daily drinking binge was in the book, "From Russia with Love," when he downed nearly 50 units of alcohol. They also suspected alcohol may have been a factor in "Casino Royale," when he knocked back 39 units before getting into a high-speed car chase, lost control and crashed the car.

The authors recognized that Bond's high-stress job may have also driven him over the edge.

"Although we appreciate the societal pressures to consume alcohol when working with international terrorists and high stakes gamblers, we would advise Bond be referred for further assessment of his alcohol intake," they concluded.

____

Also on HuffPost:

Loading Slideshow...
  • James Bond, Casino Royale, Quantum of Solace and Skyfall

    This is a no-brainer, right? There’s no way we could pass up a couple <a href="http://liquor.com/recipes/dry-martini/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">Martinis</a> with history’s <a href="http://liquor.com/articles/10-best-james-bond-drinking-moments/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">most debonair secret agent</a>. Whether he’s ordering a classic <a href="http://liquor.com/recipes/vesper?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">Vesper</a> while playing a life-or-death game of poker in <em>Casino Royale</em> or taking shots of <a href="http://liquor.com/articles/tequila-101?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">tequila</a> with a scorpion on his hand in <em>Skyfall</em>, there are undoubtedly a few things Daniel Craig’s Bond could teach us about the art of drinking.

  • James Tiberius Kirk, Star Trek

    Before following in his father’s footsteps and becoming captain of the Enterprise, Jim Kirk (Chris Pine) was just another hooligan bar fly. One night, after a few drinks, he meets the lovely Uhura and offers to buy her a shot of <a href="http://liquor.com/brands/jack-daniels/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">Jack Daniel’s</a>, which she refuses, along with his advances. After a few of her fellow Starfleet officers get involved, an impressive bar fight ensues. Let’s just say we’d let the future Captain Kirk buy us a shot of Jack.

  • Tom, Pennies from Heaven

    Tom (Christopher Walken) gets a little too friendly with a starving damsel (Bernadette Peters) and tries to impress her with his dance moves. He offers the girl something to eat and drink in exchange for—well, you know. While he isn’t exactly an upstanding gentleman, we’d happily buy him a round if he’d show us some of those killer dance moves.

  • The Dude, The Big Lewbowski

    We can honestly say that there’s no one else we’d rather drink <a href="http://liquor.com/recipes/white-russian?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">White Russians</a> with than Jeffrey “The Dude” Lebowski (Jeff Bridges). Who else in <em>The Big Lebowski </em>could be thrown into the back of a limo without spilling a drop of his cocktail? That takes some serious skill.

  • Han Solo, Star Wars

    The first time Han Solo (Harrison Ford) meets Obi-Wan Kenobi and Luke Skywalker is in Mos Eisley’s cantina. They eventually strike up a deal, and he joins the crew, enduring everything from being frozen in carbonite by Jabba the Hutt to having to constantly save Luke from an unfortunate end. It’s a wonder Han Solo doesn’t find his way to the cantina more often...

  • Frank Ricard, Old School

    No matter how much Frank Ricard (Will Ferrell) tries to fight it, he’ll always be Frank the Tank. Whether he’s reliving his glory days at a rager or streaking, how can you resist drinking with this party legend?

  • Bob Harris, Lost in Translation

    An aging actor suffering from a mid-life crisis, Bob Harris (Bill Murray) travels to Tokyo to film a commercial for Suntory Japanese Whisky. Between drinks, he meets the beautiful Charlotte (Scarlet Johansson). The movie gave us a whole new appreciation for hotel bars.

  • Miles, Sideways

    From guzzling wine out of a spittoon to pouring his most prized bottle of 1961 Château Cheval Blanc in a fast-food joint, Miles (Paul Giamatti) doesn’t hold back when it comes to drinking. We’d like to go with him on his next trip to wine country.

  • Brian Flanagan, Cocktail

    It may be cheesy, but we’ve always dreamed of sitting across the bar from the last barman poet Brian Flanagan (Tom Cruise) from the 1980s classic <em>Cocktail</em>. Of course, we’d have to order an <a href="http://liquor.com/recipes/Alabama-slammer?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">Alabama Slammer</a> or a <a href="http://liquor.com/recipes/sex-on-the-beach?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">Sex on the Beach</a> to get the full experience.

  • Ben Braddock, The Graduate

    When Mrs. Robinson offers Ben Braddock (Dustin Hoffman) a <a href="http://liquor.com/articles/bourbon-101?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">whiskey</a> and makes her first attempt to “seduce” him, the recent college grad almost breaks down on the spot. After thinking over her offer, he meets her at a hotel, where she orders a <a href="http://liquor.com/recipes/dry-martini/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">Martini</a> and he gets a room. We think what he really needed after that first whiskey was another drink and some sage advice. Next time, Ben. Next time.

  • More from Liquor.com

    <a href="http://liquor.com/slideshow/15-bars-to-visit-before-you-die/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys#1">15 Bars to Visit Before You Die</a><br> <a href="http://liquor.com/slideshow/toast-boardwalk-empire-season-4/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys#1">Toast <i>Boardwalk Empire</i></a><br> <a href="http://liquor.com/slideshow/9-category-defying-spirits/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys#1">9 Category-Defying Spirits</a><br> <a href="http://liquor.com/celebrate/national-bourbon-heritage-month/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys">National Bourbon Heritage Month Guide</a><br> <a href="http://liquor.com/slideshow/best-high-proof-spirits/?utm_source=huffpo&utm_medium=articl&utm_campaign=movieguys#1">Firewater: 11 High-Proof Spirits to Try Now</a>