Provincial leaders from both Alberta and British Columbia say changes are needed after the parents of a 15-year-old boy who died of untreated diabetes were charged with his murder.
Alex Radita died last May after he was found severely emaciated and confined to his bed. Police have charged his parents Rodica and Emil Radita with first-degree murder.
While the courts will decide on the parents' level of responsibility, it seems as though several systems across two provinces failed the teen along the way.
Alex was diagnosed with diabetes as toddler.
But the Raditas had a history of not treating their son's diabetes when they lived in B.C., according to a court document obtained by CBC News.
His condition landed him in the hospital several times when he was younger.
Child services in B.C. even seized Alex when he was four after he was admitted to hospital in grave condition.
Returned to family despite concerns
Alex was kept in provincial care for a year before a judge ordered that he be returned to his family — a ruling made despite his social worker's fight to have him permanently removed from their care.
"The social workers and the Ministry of Child Development did all the right things; they brought the child into care, they kept the child in care and they advocated for the child coming under continuing care order," said B.C. social worker union spokesperson Doug Kinna.
"The judge overruled that and returned the child.... It's a poor decision by the judge, I would say."
After he was returned to his family, the Raditas moved to Alberta.
His parents never took him to a doctor in the province. He was home schooled and kept behind closed doors.
Nobody in Alberta was alerted to the fact that the Raditas failed to treat their son's condition in the past.
"They can just disappear if they're not in touch with any of the other social service agencies," said Kinna. "You can put an alert on the file but if they don't come to someone's attention and they stay low to the ground, you're not going to be able to find them."
He says it's too easy for families to fly under the radar of provincial protection agencies.
"Once a child moves to another jurisdiction, that jurisdiction then assumes responsibility for any child protection services," said a spokesperson from the British Columbia ministry of Children and Family Development.
Much of the same story came from Alberta's Child Advocate's office.
"We don't have jurisdiction to investigate because the young person was not involved in the child intervention system in Alberta, so was not known to us," wrote a communications spokesperson.
B.C.'s Children and Youth Advocate wouldn't comment, but Alberta's Human Services Minister Manmeet Bhullar said protecting children should come before privacy concerns.
"We need to make sure people are sharing information — whether that's community, agencies, governments — that needs to happen," he said.
"Governments are bound to share information on open files but maybe we lower the threshold and it's not just open files but files that were open a year ago or two years ago."
The education system also wasn't checking on Alex Radita.
According to Alberta Education, a teacher checks on children who are home schooled twice a year but not necessarily in the home.
Need for continued oversight
Bhullar said the main question is how long provinces should share information after the file is closed.
He is calling on child welfare directors from across the country to address the issue.
"(They) need to say, 'How do we make sure people don't use a move (moving from one jurisdiction to another) as a way to get out of involvement with the child intervention system?'"
The minister says closed files are the issue because once a family's file in one province is concluded there is no inter-jurisdiction communication.
"These are very significant conversations, these are very significant policy issues," he said.
"There still needs to be continuing oversight."
B.C. Premier Christy Clark says her government is doing what it can to protect children who find themselves in a similar situation, but she did not say whether an investigation would be launched.
"We don't know all the details yet, [but] we absolutely have to determine how those things happened. This isn't the only case in the country where that's happened, as you know. So we have to make sure that ... we're connecting not just within our province between ministries, but that we're connecting between governments as well across the country," she said.
"There's just no question about it, in a world where people are so mobile. Because those kinds of situations are absolutely tragic, they are often times preventable, and we have to know we did everything we could."
Also on HuffPost:
Angelo Fabiani Arroyo
Angelo Fabiani Arroyo, 40, is accused of leaving his 4-year-old child at a car crash site and fleeing the scene.
Carron Washington allegedly fed his 2-month-old daughter bleach because a friend from school told him it was a great cure for breathing trouble. The kid is OK, but Washington still called the incident, "probably be the dumbest decision I ever made in my life." <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/20/carron-washington-baby-bleach-congestion_n_2725187.html">Read the whole story here. </a>
Michelle Windgassen; John Lewis
Michelle Windgassen, 27, and John Lewis, 32, were arrested on charges of endangering a minor while they were under the influence of drugs at a Louisville restaurant. Officers found Windgassen in the bathroom snorting heroin, and Lewis admitted snorting heroin a couple hours earlier.
Collier is accused of walking into her son's middle school in March, 2013 and hitting a sick child she mistook for her son. She then allegedly apologized to the child and then started slapping her own son, according to a Spartanburg County, South Carolina sheriff's office arrest report.
Having been banned from the Family Dollar Store after employees say she was stealing, this mother allegedly returned to the establishment and began pepper spraying the workers there. She then allegedly handed the can to her 7-year-old daughter, saying, "You know what to do, baby. Spray it!" The 7-year-old apparently realized this was one of those times mother does not know best. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/03/21/delaina-garling-asks-daughter-pepper-spray-store-employees_n_2925635.html" target="_blank">Read the whole story here.</a>
Robert Forbes, Christina Forbes
Robert Forbes and Christina Forbes have been arrested by sheriffs in Citrus County, Fla. after their 9-year-old son was found with a cockroach in his ear.
Kimberly Margeson French Kissed Son, Wlliam Partridge, To Give Him Drugs In Jail
Officials in Penn Yan, NY, say Kimberly Margeson, 54, passed two Oxycodone painkiller pills to her 30-year-old, William Partridge by french kissing him during a jailhouse visit.
Austin Davis is accused of beating his three children with a belt because one of his kids had passed gas in the car.
For almost four years, police in upstate New York believed that Karl Karlsen's son Levi was accidentally crushed beneath a truck that he was working on in 2008. But after learning that Karlsen, 52, was the sole beneficiary of a life insurance policy on his 23-year-old son, they came to the conclusion that the father deliberately dropped the pickup on top of him. He was arrested on Nov. 23, 2012 and charged with second-degree murder
Koko Nicole Anderson
Koko Nicole Anderson, 21, from Mesa, Ariz., is shown after being jailed on aggravated DUI and criminal damage charges in this handout photo provided by the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office on Friday, Nov. 16, 2012. Anderson was charged after crashing her car with her infant son inside through a gate at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport Thursday night, driving on the runway in the latest in a series of similar mishaps across the country that have raised questions whether the nation's airports are truly secure. (AP Photo/Maricopa County Sheriff
Ruiz is accused of <a href="http://www.wwltv.com/news/health/Doctor-warns-about-giving-babies-alcohol-after-father-arrested-176331491.html" target="_hplink">pouring rum</a> into his infant son's feeding tube in October, 2012 in Belle Chasse, La. BELLE CHASSE, La
William Lewallen was arrested after Tulsa police found his 18-month-old daughter locked in a metal dog cage, his naked 4-year old daughter outside on a cold afternoon and him asleep in a drug or alcohol induced stupor.
Authorities in Virginia arrested 30-year-old Billie Jolene Warburton, of Norfolk, on Oct. 15, 2012, in the parking lot of a courthouse. Police allegedly found Warburton slumped over the steering wheel of her vehicle. Warburton's window was open, the motor was running and a young child was sobbing in a car seat in the back, police said. The officer allegedly observed blood on the center console and fresh injection marks on Warburton's arms. Warburton allegedly told police her child was crying because he had not been fed since the previous evening. The baby was placed in the custody of Child Protective Services and Warburton was transported to Western Tidewater Regional Jail under a no bond status for possession of heroin, driving under the influence of drugs, and felony child neglect.
Langley is <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20121011/us-attempted-burglaries-toddler-alone/" target="_hplink">accused of leaving his 1-year-old daughter</a> home alone so he could go rob houses in October, 2012 in Brookhaven, Pa.
Betsian Carrasquillo Peñalosa
Federal agents have arrested Betsian Carrasquillo Penaloza for allegedly prostituting her 14-year-old daughter in Puerto Rico. (<a href="http://www.elnuevodia.com/sinprotocololaislaparalidiarcontralaprostitucioninfantil-1357524.html" target="_hplink">email@example.com</a>)
This 26-year-old was charged with threatening to discharge a destructive device after allegedly saying she was going to blow up her daughter's elementary school. Witnesses say that Schauer warned, "Don't bring your kid to school that day," and when asked what day she meant, she said, "The day I blow it up."
Stacia Rogers And Jerry Montalvo
Cops found a 2-year-old girl under this couple's care sleeping outside a Florida mall at 2:45 a.m. on Oct. 1, 2012. The two were arrested and charged with child neglect when it was found that Montalvo was allegedly on drugs, and Rogers let him leave with her daughter knowing that he was intoxicated.
Barron allegedly prostituted herself while her infant child was at home. She told police that her addiction to money led to a life of crime.
Howard's addiction to morphine drove her son to commit suicide, because he lived in fear that she would overdose, according to police in Indiana.
James D. Blanchard
James D. Blanchard, 21, has been sentenced to 15 years in prison for abusing his newborn son. A medical doctor said that the child has lost his vision and will likely never walk or talk. The doctor also said the injury was common with shaken babies.
Parents Accused Of Putting Daughter In Chicken Coop
Cops say that not only did Diana and Samuel Franklin keep their 15-year-old daughter in a chicken coop, they made her wear a shock collar and used it several times.
Father Allegedly Kicked Son
Dario Napolitano is accused of kicking his 3-year-old son at Disney World in late June, 2012.
Parents Blindfolded, Bound Their Kids Outside Kansas Walmart
Adolfo Gomez Jr., 52, and his wife, Deborah Gomez, 43, both of Northlake, Ill., were arrested at a Walmart in Lawrence, Kan., after someone spotted a 5-year-old boy sitting outside a sport utility vehicle with his hands and feet bound and a blindfold covering his eyes. -AP
Mother Tried To Sell Baby In Newspaper
Brittany Hill allegedly tried to sell her 4-month-old boy in a classified ad in June, 2012. Someone was going to try and buy the baby, but decided to call Dallas police instead.
Baumgardner is accused of injecting her daughter with heroin roughly 200 times when the girl was 14-years-old.
Thar Kyi, 42 of upstate New York, accidentally hit his 8-year-old son in the head with <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/24/thar-kyi-utica-man-injured-son-samurai-sword-fight-new-york_n_1542462.html?1337875280" target="_hplink">a samurai sword</a> while fighting another man. Kyi attacked the boy's mother's boyfriend while his three children were getting ready for school in the morning. The boy was treated at a hospital for non-life-threatening injuries.
'Tanorexic' Mom Charged With Burning Daughter
In May 2012, New Jersey mom Patricia Krentcil was arrested after taking her 5-year-old daughter to a tanning parlor. The daughter reportedly received severe burns from exposure to harmful ultraviolet radiation. In the aftermath of the arrest, Krentcil was banned from several local tanning salons. Krentcil's habit has also received wide criticism in mass media, including a spoof by Kristen Wiig on "Saturday Night Live." <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/01/patricia-krentcil-arrested-daughter-tanning-booth_n_1469392.html" target="_hplink">Read more.</a>
News Informed Parents That Daughter Was Missing
Employees at a Maryland Chuck E. Cheese were worried when they found a 3-year-old named Harmony apparently alone in the establishment at around 8 p.m one night in March 2012. They took the girl to a police station and shared a photo of her with local TV stations in hopes of tracking down a parent or guardian. It wasn't until Harmony's photo aired on the 11 p.m news that her parents even realized she was missing. The two had split custody of Harmony, and each had assumed that she was with other family members. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/06/daughter-left-in-chuck-e-cheese-maryland_n_1324197.html" target="_hplink">Read more.</a>
Woman Allegedly Sexted, Had Sex With Son
Mistie Atkinson, 32, allegedly performed oral sex on her 16-year-old son and had sexual intercourse with him in a hotel room in Northern California. The two reconnected on Facebook after the boy's father had assumed primary custody when the child was 2. Atkinson, whom the boy's father claims had a "boyfriend-girlfriend relationship" with her son, also reportedly sent the child nude photos of herself. She pleaded no contest in a Napa County Superior Court on May 21 to charges of incest, oral copulation with a minor, contact with a minor for sexual offense, and sending harmful material to a teen. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/22/shana-bishop-dancing-while-son-slept-naked-in-trash_n_1536076.html" target="_hplink">Read more.</a>
Man Allegedly Left Toddler Home With Cereal, Went To Office
Floridian Elton Jerome Davis Jr. allegedly left his 18-month-old toddler at home with a bowl of Cheerios while he went to work. An unidentified witness found the child playing with a dog on a public road. Davis was charged with child neglect on May 21 in Okaloosa County. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/22/elton-davis-abandons-child-cheerios-florida_n_1535696.html?ref=crime" target="_hplink">Read more.</a>
Mother Charged With Neglect For Dancing In Driveway While Son Slept Naked In Trash
On May 17, police found Shana Bishop's 2-year-old son naked in a pile of trash on the floor of her car in South Carolina. The child was found when an unidentified resident called the police, alleging that Bishop was dancing naked in her driveway. Bishop was arrested in Spartanburg and charged with child neglect. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/22/shana-bishop-dancing-while-son-slept-naked-in-trash_n_1536076.html" target="_hplink">Read more.</a>
Marsia Emanuel allegedly flagged a school bus in Winter Haven, Fla., boarded and beat the bus driver in front of her daughter, a student riding it already. Cops found Emanuel later at home where she dropped her underpants in front of them, they said. It's unclear what was her motive. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/11/marsia-emanuel-allegedly-_n_1088096.html" target="_hplink">Read more.</a>
Misty Lawson, 30, a self-described "professional baby maker" on her Facebook page, allegedly punched her son in the face and body several times during an in-home, state-mandated anger management course. Read more <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/13/punch-during-anger-management-misty-lawson_n_1272915.html" target="_hplink">here.</a>
Salem police say surveillance video shows Christina Lopez watched her 17-year-old daughter dance at Presley's Playhouse Cabaret, a strip club in Oregon. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/18/christina-lopez-watched-daughter-strip_n_1356975.html" target="_hplink">Read more. </a>
Barry O'Connell, a Spokane, Wash., police officer, was suspended for three weeks after his daughter used his service weapon to accidentally shoot herself in the leg.
This undated handout photo from the Dallas County Sheriff's Department shows Elizabeth Escalona. The mother was facing child abuse charges, Friday, Sept. 9, 2011, after police said she glued her toddler daughter's hands to a wall, kicked her in the stomach and beat her over a potty training issue.
Rebecca Rachelle Hill
Hill was accused in October 2012 of<a href="http://www.startribune.com/local/175270081.html?refer=y" target="_hplink"> using heroin with her 12-year-old daughter</a> over the course of several weeks. She also allegedly told police that she often took her daughter along on shoplifting trips that financed their heroin addictions.
Hysaw is accused of using a stun gun on her child after he didn't ask for <a href="http://www.myfoxaustin.com/story/21536639/mother-charged-for-using-stun-gun-to-discipline-teen" target="_hplink">permission to play basketball.</a>