Statistics Canada says the format will remain the same as in the controversial 2011 census period.
There will be a mandatory short form for all Canadian households, and a voluntary National Household Survey for one in three households.
The last survey came back with a 68.6 per cent response rate, compared with 93.5 per cent when the long form was mandatory.
Data from thousands of smaller communities had to be excluded from the release of the 2011 census results because it was not considered reliable.
The Conservatives axed the long-form census in 2010, dismissing a long list of associations and organizations who argued public planners would no longer get an accurate picture of the population and its needs.
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