If you're a woman looking to settle down in a new city for things like jobs, education or healthcare, a new report suggests steering far away from Edmonton.
The report, conducted by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) looking at gender inequalities in Canada's 20 largest metropolitan areas, found Edmonton, Calgary and Oshawa were some of the worst cities for women, while cities in Quebec and Saskatchewan snagged top spots.
“Canada has made great progress in ensuring that men and women have equal access to health care and education, but that hasn’t translated into personal safety at home or promotion at work,” says senior researcher Kate McInturff in a statement.
For rankings, researchers looked at comparisons of how men and women fared in the areas of economic security, leadership, health, personal security and education. In each of these areas, several factors were measured. For economic security, for example, the report measured gaps between men and women's levels of employment, income and poverty.
The report also notes key highlights, like where women can expect to earn the most money (Ottawa-Gatineau), where women experience the lowest levels of poverty (Calgary) and where women live the longest (the west coast).
In the past, Canada and its cities overall have topped several "best places to live" lists, including the top G20 country for women excelling in areas of female university graduates and accessibility to healthcare.
Although the CCPA report gives readers a glimpse of what life is like in urban cities, smaller rural communities did not have enough data for comparison. And while moving to some of the best cities sounds reasonable, McIntuff says it's about taking things that work well in one place and implementing it in others, according to Global News.
“Federal and provincial governments also have much to learn from the local picture — about which policies are working and what strategies can be scaled up so that every community in Canada can lay equal claim to being the best place in Canada to be a woman,” McInturff adds.
Here is a list of the cities ranked from worst to best. Are you surprised? Let us know in the comments below:
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<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Edmonton has the largest gap in employment incomes, with women earning $21,000 less, on average, than their male counterparts. Men also outnumber women in trades and apprenticeships at a rate of three to one.
#19 Oshawa, Ont.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Women earn about $14,000 less per year than men in Oshawa for all jobs, and there is a higher than average number of sexual assaults per year.
#18 Windsor, Ont.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Men outnumber women in jobs in trades and apprenticeships at a rate of more than two to one.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT: </strong> Calgary has one of the worst records among the top 30 cities for promoting women into senior management positions. Women only hold 22 per cent of these jobs.
#16 Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> The rate of sexual assaults reported to the police in Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo areas is slightly higher than the national average.
#15 London, Ont.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> The people of London (about 66 per cent of men and 62 per cent of women), identify their health as good or excellent.
#14 St Catharines, Ont.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Compared to other cities on this list, both men and women report high levels of stress.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Women living in Vancouver have the highest life expectancy compared to other cities.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Winnipeg has the highest rates of police reported incidents of sexual assault compared to the rest of these cities.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Regina has one of the best records for women's representation in senior management positions — even though men still outnumber women.
#10 Hamilton, Ont.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> More than a quarter of women in Hamilton (28 per cent) identify their lives as highly stressful.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Halifax scored the highest in terms of having the smallest gap for men and women's employment.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Even with one of the smallest populations on this list, Sherbrooke, Que. has nearly equal levels of employment for men and women.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Women can expect to earn the most money in Ottawa-Gatineau.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> The wage gap in Toronto is smaller than average — women earn about 77 cents on the male dollar.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Victoria has one of the highest rates of women holding senior management positions — 33 per cent.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Women are more likely to have diplomas (high school, college and university) than men in Montreal.
#3 St. John's
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> St. John's has one woman for every two men in top management jobs. However, it is also the only city with no female city councillor.
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> Four out of 11 city councilors are women.
#1 Quebec City
<strong>HIGHLIGHT:</strong> At the number one spot, Quebec had the highest scores in areas of women's leadership and the lowest rate of police-reported sexual and domestic violence cases.