The RCMP Major Fraud Unit charged Roger Adama Klouvi, 41, of Laval, Que., and Frédéric Hébert-Zonnon, 42, of Gatineau, Que., with fraud, conspiracy and defrauding the government.
The RCMP alleges the applications for funding were based on false documents, and that the funds were approved and then cashed on behalf of the fake community organizations to be shared with two other accomplices.
The two programs targeted were the New Horizons for Seniors Program, which funds community projects led or inspired by seniors, and the Canada Summer Jobs program. Service Canada administers both programs.
The alleged fraud, which began in the summer of 2007, resulted in potential losses of more than one million dollars, the RCMP said Thursday.
Service Canada detected the irregularities in the applications and asked the RCMP to investigate, the RCMP said.
Klouvi is scheduled to appear in court in Montreal on August 6. Hébert-Zonnon is scheduled to appear in a Gatineau courtroom on August 7.