But day four will always be remembered for James Anderson (81) and Joe Root (154 not out) setting a test record 198 for the 10th wicket, as England's first innings went from 352-9 overnight to 496 all out. The pair came together Friday on 298-9 at Trent Bridge in reply to India's first innings of 457.
"Overnight we both thought we could actually annoy the Indians a little bit today," said Anderson, whose score was the highest ever by an England No. 11. "Obviously, we didn't think anything like this could happen. We knew we had a job to do and we stuck at it brilliantly."
Anderson comfortably beat his previous highest score of 34 against South Africa in 2008, in an innings that included 17 fours.
"Jimmy kept me going quite nicely," Root said. "On a pitch like that, if you play selectively, it is difficult to get out. I enjoyed batting with him."
In reply, Vijay and Pujara scored 52 and 55 respectively before falling to consecutive balls. Vijay went to the final delivery of Moeen Ali's seventh over, edging behind to Matt Prior. Pujara then hit to Ben Stokes at point off Liam Plunkett with Stokes almost fumbling the catch.
Ajinkya Rahane (18) and Virat Kohli (8) were the undefeated batsmen.
Earlier, India's attack toiled on a flat and slow batting wicket, but Mohammed Shami missed a run out chance from mid on with Root on 92 as he went for a quick single. Vijay also failed to get near the ball at gully for a possible low catch when Anderson edged Shami on 45.
Anderson then brought up his maiden test 50 when he pulled Shami for four. His 81 was the third highest score by a final batsman after Tino Best (95) of West Indies and Ashton Agar (98) of Australia. Both knocks came against England.
The previous 10th wicket test record was set last year at the same ground when Phillip Hughes and Ashton Agar of Australia shared a stand of 163.
It is also the first time in test history that there have been two partnerships worth over 100 runs for the 10th wicket, after Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Sami put on 111 in India's first innings.
And it was Kumar who ended the partnership when Anderson edged him to Shikhar Dhawan at second slip to complete his five-wicket haul for 82 runs.
India trailed England's total by 39 but opening batsmen Dhawan and Vijay cruised to 49 without loss before Dhawan was caught and bowled by Ali, eight balls before tea on 29.
Vijay, who made a century in the first innings, passed 50 with a single off Ali and Pujara brought his half century up with four from Plunkett.
With only a day remaining, a draw seems the likeliest outcome, especially after Anderson and Root batted through the first session. The wicket has become so slow and flat for the bowlers that there were only four dismissals across the fourth day.
However, Root believes England can still win the test match.
"Obviously we are going to have to bowl very well and get a few early wickets," Root said. "But if we do, you never know."