STARS air ambulance was called to the intersection of Range Road 170 and Township Road 602 in Smoky Lake County just before 10 p.m. Sunday.
Emergency crews were already on the scene with the victim of the attack.
STARS transported the man to the University of Alberta hospital with claw and bite wounds to his chest, legs and arms. He was in stable condition and was conscious and breathing on route to hospital.
Wildlife officials say the man was lawfully hunting on private land at the time the attack. He had shot the bear and followed it into the bush. The bear then attacked him, and it is believed the man killed the bear.
Officials believe they have located the dead bear, but have set up traps in the area as a precaution while they wait for DNA testing to confirm the bear's identity.
Bear attacks in Alberta
In May, Lorna Weafer, 36, was killed by a large, male black bear at the Suncor oilsands site north of Fort McMurray.
A few weeks later, Etienne Cardinal, a Parks Canada wildlife conflict specialist, survived being attacked by a grizzly bear while riding his bike near Jasper. A grizzly bear also charged at a woman's car in Jasper.
Two men jogging on trails near Fort McMurray also received a scare when a black bear followed them several minutes.
Danish tourists also had a run in with a bear near Canmore in July.