Pets under 40 pounds are being allowed on two of the 17 floors of Lawrenson residence hall, home to about 400 students.
The pilot program beginning Thursday will include about 24 pets.
Dogs and cats that aren't able to live side-by-side will be separated as needed.
While some colleges allow small-caged pets, a slowly growing number of schools are letting undergraduate students bring other pets to live with them.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology allows cats in designated "cat-friendly" areas. Eckerd College in St. Petersburg, Florida, allows cats and dogs — as well as nonvenomous snakes under 6 feet long.