A bill prohibiting urinating and defecating in public on the island of Oahu also passed, but the push to prevent homeless people from resting on sidewalks throughout the island failed.
The council was under pressure from the tourism industry to act, with hotel representatives saying visitors complain often about safety and human waste.
"There's an expectation for Waikiki, for Hawaii. It's a dream," said Helene "Sam" Shenkus, marketing director of the Royal Hawaiian Center. "And because they're families and it's their money, they don't have to come here."
Alan Naito, general manager of Ohana Waikiki East Hotel, said he regularly sends his employees to clean up urine and feces in a nearby park where he recently saw someone drop their pants near a coconut tree in broad daylight.
"It's a very important photo-op area with the Princess Kaiulani statue," Naito said, referring to the sculpture depicting the heir to the throne of Hawaii's monarchy when it was overthrown in 1893.
But critics said the proposals criminalize homelessness instead of providing assistance to vulnerable people.
"We're helping the public to view the homeless as faceless people — not even people, but objects to sweep away," said Councilman Breene Harimoto, who voted against all the proposals except the ban on urinating and defecating in Waikiki. "I'm very disturbed by this."
Homeless people in Waikiki say the bans won't change their lives much, because they are already often cited for camping — racking up tickets they can't afford to pay.
"They're trying to harass everyone, and they're doing a pretty good job of it," said Jim Trevarthen, 62, a former surf instructor and carpenter who now lives on the streets.
The city also is planning a temporary legal campsite on a remote, mostly industrial island far from resorts. Some of Oahu's estimated 4,700 homeless people would be allowed to camp on Sand Island, which was used during World War II as an internment camp for Japanese-Americans and is home to a wastewater treatment plant and former dump.
Honolulu Mayor Kirk Caldwell's administration is planning to implement a program that will provide permanent housing for the chronically homeless on Oahu. But it will be about a year before people can move in, said Jesse Broder Van Dyke, a spokesman for the mayor.
Caldwell gets several letters every week from tourists, especially from Asia, who complain about interactions with Hawaii's homeless people, Broder Van Dyke said. But Waikiki's bars also draw clubbers who do their share of urinating in public, said activist Kathryn Xian.
"The solution to that is more public restrooms, period, open late at night, not taking people who are poor out of a district against their civil rights," Xian said.
Banning sitting and lying on sidewalks goes against a Hawaiian tradition established by King Kamehameha I, who encouraged islanders to lie by the roadside without fear of harm, said Bishop Stephen Randolph Sykes, president of the Interfaith Alliance Hawaii.
"These people don't have any place to go, and we're just pushing them around," Sykes said.
Tourists come to Hawaii to experience the feeling of aloha, not to go to high-rise buildings and fancy shops, said Sam Kapu, senior pastor at New Hope Voyager.
"That aloha cannot be translated into money or dollar signs," Kapu said. "Aloha can only be translated to the building of relationships and helping out another brother or sister in need."
The approved bills now go to Caldwell for his approval. The Sand Island proposal will be discussed in a public meeting Wednesday night and at a meeting Friday of a state board that may approve the lease for the campsite.