The SPCA says the charges that Jean-Luc Rodier is facing relate to 90 foxes, 10,000 mink and two dogs held captive in his Ste-Jude, Que., facility.
Rodier could face up to 18 months in prison and $10,000 in fines for each count, as well as a lifetime ban on having an animal in his custody or under his control.
"This is the first time that a fur farmer has ever been charged with animal cruelty in Canada," said Anita Kapuscinska of the SPCA.
In August, CBC News reported on the SPCA’s investigation into Rodier’s farm.
The animal-welfare agency began looking into his fur farm south of Montreal in the spring and obtained a warrant to investigate last May.
SPCA director of animal advocacy Alanna Devine told CBC News in August that she was horrified when she arrived at the farm.
"Animals not having access to adequate water, large amounts of excrement, filthy cages … the sort of things that would be outrageous if we saw dogs … wired bottom cages, no access to a solid floor," said Devine. "Difficult things to see."
Rodier has faced accusations of animal cruelty and negligence in the past. In 1996, he was charged with 262 counts of cruelty to animals and negligence.
He was found guilty on 32 counts of negligence, while the rest of the charges were thrown out.