The case — the third time the Khadr file has come before the high court — centred on whether the eight-year war-crimes sentence he got from a U.S. military commission in 2010 ought to be interpreted as a youth or adult sentence.
The federal government has argued the latter, saying Khadr actually received five concurrent eight-year terms for each of his five war crimes — a conclusion the nine justices rejected in a rare decision from the bench.
"The sentence is under the minimum for an adult sentence," Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin told the court after about 30 minutes of midday deliberations that immediately followed the end of the hearing.
"We are of the view that a proper interpretation of the relevant legislation does not permit Mr. Khadr's eight-year sentence to be treated as five distinct eight-year sentences to be served concurrently."
McLachlin ordered the appeal dismissed with costs, and confirmed the earlier order of the Alberta Court of Appeal that Khadr's sentence should be served in a provincial facility.
Dennis Edney, the lawyer with whom the 28-year-old Khadr lives in Edmonton under strict bail conditions, said the swiftness of the ruling was a message to the Harper government for wasting taxpayer money on "persecuting my client."
Standing in the vast marble foyer of the country's highest court, Edney repeated the accusation that he first levelled at Prime Minister Stephen Harper last week.
"I come to the conclusion ... Mr. Harper is a bigot," he said. "Mr. Harper doesn't like Muslims and there's evidence to show that."
After almost 13 years in custody, Khadr was released on bail last week while he appeals his U.S. conviction, which has drawn fierce criticism from legal and human rights experts.
Khadr was 15 when he threw the grenade that killed U.S. Sgt. Christopher Speer during a firefight in Afghanistan in July 2002.
Canada has extradition relations with some 83 countries, all of whom want assurances that an offender transferred here will serve their intended sentence, Department of Justice lawyer Sharlene Telles-Langdon argued during the hearing.
Several members of the panel challenged Telles-Langdon during her 50-minute oral argument before a packed courtroom.
"We can't slice and dice the eight years," said Justice Marshall Rothstein.
Compared with the mandatory adult sentence for first-degree murder, which is life behind bars with no parole eligibility for 25 years, "eight years for first-degree murder would be a youth sentence," Justice Andromache Karakastanis added.
Justice Rosalie Abella wondered aloud whether the U.S. government actually views Khadr's sentences as being concurrent. The only party that seems to take that view, Abella said, is the Canadian government.
Abella asked Telles-Langdon whether she considers eight years to be a youth sentence. Yes, the lawyer replied.
"Then, isn't that the end of the story?" Abella said.
No provisions exist for an inmate to serve both youth and adult sentences at the same time, so Ottawa classified him as an adult offender when he transferred to Canada from Guantanamo Bay in September 2012 under an international treaty to serve out his punishment.
Khadr's sentence is not open to interpretation, argued his other lawyer, Nate Whitling. A concurrent sentence is without precedent in U.S. military procedure, and not supported in Canadian law, Whitling said.
"It is one sentence for eight years, and that is undisputed."
Edney said his client is living in a home with "lots of love" and he's a good person. In his first week of freedom, Khadr has been spending a lot of time riding a new mountain bike.
"He will go to university and start to adjust, and he will keep a low profile because he wants to be part of Canada."
One of Edney's Edmonton neighbours brought his vacationing family — a wife and six children — into the courtroom for Thursday's hearing and was beaming after the outcome.
"We have met Omar. He's an amazing person — almost superhuman," said Shelby Haque, whose six-year-old son, Ali, was celebrating his sixth birthday on Thursday.
"Most parents take their kid to a hockey game, and he got to go to the Supreme Court and see Mr. Edney win."
It was the third time the Supreme Court has sided with Khadr. They ruled in 2008 that Canadian officials had acted illegally by sharing intelligence information about him with his U.S. captors, and in 2012 found that Ottawa had violated his constitutional rights when Canadian agents interrogated him in Guantanamo Bay despite knowing he had been abused beforehand.
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