Everything from carrots to leafy vegetables and fruit can be added to the cat or dog dish. That saves money on pet food, too.
"I'm seeing things like broccoli, cucumbers, apples and pears showing up in animal diets," said Dr. Eric Patrin, owner of the South Whidbey Animal Clinic in Clinton, Washington. "Many pet owners are using them as treats. Ten years ago, no way dogs would be getting that."
The No. 1 nutritional problem for pets today is that they're eating way too much, which leads to obesity, diabetes and arthritis, said Dr. Johnny Clark, who operates the Blue Mountain Animal Clinic in Luray, Virginia.
"You can't exercise your way off a bad diet," Clark said. "Go with smaller portions. And try introducing green beans. They're rich in fiber and don't have any unnecessary calories. They make a good filler and that's just the ticket for animals needing to lose weight."
Carrots, leafy greens, blueberries and blackberries also are great pet food additions and can be served up raw, steamed or sautéed. Peppermint, catnip and rosemary are standard pet-garden plants, although many mints — including catnip — can be invasive unless contained.
Beware introducing amaryllis, rhododendron, chrysanthemum, dieffenbachia and lilies to your property. They are among the most toxic flora known for canines and felines.
Dogs and cats are grazers, frequently nibbling on grass to soothe what ails them. The problem with that, however, is that many lawns are loaded with herbicides and pesticides.
"I always thought lawns were supposed to be a family refuge," said John Harrison, sales and marketing manager for the Espoma Co., which makes organic fertilizers for the retail lawn and garden industry. "You can grow good lawns without using chemicals."
The company has a "Safe Paws" campaign that emphasizes natural gardening solutions.
Organic weed and insect control extends well beyond lawns, he said.
"Look at the totality of the garden or landscape," Harrison said. "There are a number of situations that can be changed to make yards more hospitable to pets."
— Keeping compost in closed containers. Garden wastes can make your pets sick if eaten while decomposing.
— Mowing grass frequently to keep flea and tick numbers down.
— Avoiding standing water that might contain bacteria, parasites, worms and mosquitoes.
— Storing hazardous materials in a safe place.
— Washing your pets' paws with water after taking wintertime walks. Salt from melted ice can sicken them when ingested.
For more about plants toxic to dogs and cats, see this Cornell University website: http://www.ansci.cornell.edu/plants/toxcat/toxcat.html
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