The Standard & Poor's/Case-Shiller 20-city home price index rose 5 per cent in March from 12 months earlier, the S&P said Tuesday. Prices increased at the same pace in February.
Home values are rising at a faster rate than incomes, potentially pricing many would-be buyers out of the market. Yet current increases have moderated from the double-digit gains of late 2013 and early last year.
Higher prices have not yet convinced enough owners to list their homes for sale, which could limit purchases during the spring selling season. Would-be buyers have fewer homes to choose from, which has sparked bidding wars in many cities. The median home sold in just 39 days in April, according to the National Association of Realtors, compared with 52 in March.
The biggest increases were in San Francisco and Denver, where prices rose 10.3 per cent and 10 per cent from a year ago, respectively. All 20 cities recorded price gains from the previous year. Cleveland and Washington, D.C. saw the smallest gains, with prices up 1 per cent in both cities.
At the current pace of sales, the supply of homes would last just 5.3 months, below the six months that is typical in a balanced market. The number of homes for sale fell 0.9 per cent in April from a year earlier, the Realtors' group said last week.
Sales of existing homes have improved in recent months after a sluggish 2014. Yet they dropped 3.3 per cent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.04 million in April, the Realtors said.
Home prices have risen for 34 straight months, according to the Case-Shiller 20-city index, after plummeting during the housing crash and recession. They are still about 15 per cent below the peak reached during the housing bubble.
David Blitzer, chairman of S&P's index committee, said prices are rising at a faster pace than their long-term trend. They also rose more quickly in the past 12 months than average hourly wages, which were up just 2.2 per cent.
That is "narrowing the pool of future home-buyers," Blitzer said. Yet those trends may slow price gains in the coming months, he added.
"I would describe this as a rebound in home prices, not a bubble and not a reason to be fearful," Blitzer said.
Prices jumped 0.9 per cent in March from February, up from a 0.5 per cent increase in the previous month. That likely reflects strong sales in March. The monthly changes aren't adjusted for seasonal factors, such as the increase in sales that typically occurs in the spring.
The Case-Shiller index covers roughly half of U.S. homes. The index measures prices compared with those in January 2000 and creates a three-month moving average. The March figures are the latest available.