Doyon is a former head of the Quebec Bar and holds a doctorate in History.
Among his distinctions, Doyon was appointed Queen's Counsel and has served as Honorary Colonel of 3 Wing Bagotville and is a governor of that regiment.
He has served on the board of directors of CBC/Radio-Canada, the Orchestre symphonique de Québec and the Electoral Boundaries Commission for Quebec.
Doyon practiced law at Gagné, Letarte for more than 30 years, with extensive experience in business law and commercial arbitration.
Before practicing law, Doyon taught at Cégep de Sainte-Foy and was a lecturer at Laurentian University, Laval University and the Quebec Bar School.
"J. Michel Doyon is a distinguished lawyer, historian, professor and author who is also known for his significant contributions to his community. He brings a wealth of experience to the role and I have no doubt he will serve with distinction as the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec," said Prime Minister Stephen Harper in a statement.
Doyon replaces Pierre Duchesne, who has served as Quebec's vice-regal representative since June 7, 2007.
Duchesne succeeded disgraced former Quebec lieutenant-governor Lise Thibault who just last year pleaded guilty to fraud and breach of trust after fighting the charges for seven years.
Thibault is expected to be sentenced later this year.