Sadly those rates have stayed relatively consistent over the years, even though the alarm bell has been rung that we need to be doing better.
As a parent, you can do your part by keeping a keen eye out for signs your child is being bullied. They often feel ashamed or feel they are some how at fault and so they often don’t disclose.
It's every parents' job to watch for these indicators:
1. They don’t want to go to school
2. Complain of stomach aches
3. Strange explanations for bruises or torn clothes
4. Loss of personal possessions (taken by the person who bullied them)
5. Being more reclusive at home
6. Quick, startled motions to get off the computer or hit delete on a phone screen
7. Statements of self-loathing
Of course we must also ensure we are not raising a child who bullies. Watch for these signs your child may be bullying others:
1. Likes to give orders and boss others
2. Quick to frustrate and get angry
3. Impressed with violent games and TV shows
4. Lack of empathy for others
5. Can be popular and enjoys status and impressing others
6. Is aggressive to his pets, parents, siblings and others
Every parent should enquire about the bullying policies at their child’s school and advocate to have a school wide program in place. Olweus is the “gold standard” for such programs. (Believe me, a student assembly once a year will have no impact.)
If you would like to take the lead in your school, check out the wonderful resources at PREVnet. Together we can keep our children safe and improve Canada’s standing.
Young Minds Matter is a new series designed to lead the conversation with children about mental and emotional health, so youngsters feel loved, valued and understood. Launched with Her Royal Highness, the Duchess of Cambridge, as guest editor, we will discuss problems, causes and most importantly solutions to the stigma surrounding the mental health crisis among children.
Read More On Young Minds Matter:
- HRH The Duchess Of Cambridge Blogs On Children's Mental Health
- The Connection Between Childhood Experiences And Adult Problems
- Shattered Hearts: Explaining Suicide To Children
- Canadian Project Could Change The Future Of Kids' Mental Health
- How Canada Is Failing Kids When It Comes To Mental Health
- Notable Canadians Share Advice To Their 10-Year-Old Selves
- Help Your Child Cope With Anxiety
- How To Support Your Kids And Really Be There For Them
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Bullying can be an incredibly isolating experience, and many victims feel that they are alone–that something about them, specifically, has brought this on. Explain to your child that bullying is something that can happen to anyone: boys, girls, preschoolers, high schoolers, kids at large schools and kids at small schools. This means there is a large group of people impacted by bullying, and if we all work together, we can certainly make a difference.
A common reaction to bullying is encouraging the victim to ignore the bully. "They just want a reaction," people say, and if you deny them the reaction, they'll go away. That's not always the case. Sometimes, when the bully realizes they are being ignored, they can feel a sense of power over their victim that can actually make the situation worse.
Asking your child basic questions about their day and their experience at school can help you catch a problem sooner. Ask how a specific class was, or who they sat with at lunch. Ask who is trying out for the team, or who is going to local fair that weekend. These harmless questions tell your child that you care, but they can also help you detect changes in your child's situation that may indicate a bullying problem.
While helping your child prepare a speech or enrolling them in self-defense courses might seem like an empowering solution, you're sending the message to your child that this problem is theirs, and that they have to handle it alone. Instead, discuss what some solutions might be and involve your child in the decision making process.
The National Crime Prevention Council reports that 20 to 43 percent of middle and high school school students have reported being victims of cyber bullying. Encourage your child to protect themselves by following these two guidelines: 1. Never say or do anything online that you wouldn't say or do in person. 2. Never share any information that you wouldn't tell a stranger.
While we'd like to think we know everything about our children and their friends, don't express disbelief if they say someone has done something that shocks you. Your child needs to know that they can trust you. Asking them to provide evidence or saying that someone "would never do that" can come across as you taking the side of someone other than your child. Instead, be as supportive as possible and listen to their side.
A recent study of children ages 9 to 12, showed that 56 percent said that they usually either say or do something to try to stop bullying or tell someone who can help (Brown, Birch, & Kancherla, 2005). Make sure your child knows who he or she can talk to if they have something they want to share, whether that is you, a school counselor, a teacher or a coach.
Explain the importance of keeping online passwords private, even from close friends. Your child may be thinking that sharing a password with a close friend is harmless and convenient, but explain that anyone with their password could impersonate them online and embarrass them. If they insist that the friend would never do that, remind them that the friend could share their password, either intentionally or unintentionally, and someone else would have that same power.
While your first reaction may be to protect your child by calling the parent of the bully or confront the child yourself, this is not always a good solution. Not only is this this rarely effective, it may even prove fodder for additional bullying. Your child wants to feel empowered and involved in the solution, so discuss options with him or her and work together to decide on a plan of action.
Your child may be embarrassed or afraid to talk about what is happening to them. This is normal. Rather than pressuring your child into speaking before they are ready, just make it clear that you are willing to listen and be a source of support for them. Once they feel comfortable, they will know that they can open up to you and seek your advice. Better yet, if you've had this conversation preemptively, before a problem arises, your child will know right away that you can be their partner in finding a solution.
Green Giant's Raise A Giant site includes a page that lets you read letters other parents have written to empower their children. You can write your own letter and explore their other resources, including videos and sharable infographics. PACER's National Bullying Prevention Center site also has a page with resources like informational handouts, fact sheets, educational toolkits, and the "We Will Generation." You can also browse the video page to see if some of their video resources would be helpful for you or for your child. Green Giant's Raise A Giant site includes a page that lets you write a letter to empower your child, but you can also read the letters other parents have written to inspire your talks with your child.