Science Minister Kirsty Duncan speaks at a press conference in Ottawa on Dec 15, 2016. (Photo: Sean Kilpatrick/CP)
There will also be new workplace health and safety rules, changes to the building code and an expanded inventory of public buildings that contain asbestos.
Canada has also been one of the last international holdouts in agreeing to list asbestos as a hazardous material under the Rotterdam Convention, a highly controversial position that federal Science Minister Kirsty Duncan says the government is now reconsidering.
"Today is the first step to ban asbestos — its manufacture, its export, its import — and we hope to do this, we will do this, by 2018," Duncan said.
Fibres can cause cancer
Even minute amounts of asbestos fibres can cause lung cancer or deadly mesothelioma, an aggressive cancer.
This year, about 3,200 new cases were diagnosed across the country, continuing a trend that the Canadian Cancer Society says it hopes has peaked following decades of heavy asbestos use.
"We were hoping to see it starting to decline this year," Gabriel Miller of the cancer society said in an interview.
"It hasn't happened yet, so hopefully we have peaked but that still means, for years to come, at or about the level we're at now."
The last Canadian asbestos mines in Quebec closed in late 2011.
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