CAIRO — Archaeologists in Egypt discovered a massive statue in a Cairo slum that may be of Ramses II, one of the country's most famous and longest ruling ancient pharaohs.
The colossus, a large portion of whose head was pulled from mud and groundwater by a bulldozer and seen by The Associated Press on Friday, is around eight metres (26 feet) high and was discovered by a German-Egyptian archaeological team.
"We used the bulldozer to lift it out. We took some precautions, although somewhat primitive, but the part that we retrieved was not harmed,'' said Khaled Mohamed Abuelela, manager of antiquities at Ain Shams University.
Egyptologist Khaled Nabil Osman said the statue was an "impressive find'' and the area in the working class neighbourhood of Matariya in eastern Cairo is likely full of other buried antiquities.
Egyptian minister of antiquities Khaled el-Anani poses for picture with workers next to the head of a statue at the site of a new discovery by a team of German-Egyptian archeologists in Cairo on March 9. (Photo: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images)
"It was the main cultural place of ancient Egypt, even the Bible mentions it,'' he said. "The sad news is that the whole area needs to be cleaned up, the sewers and market should be moved.''
Ramses II, who took the throne in his early 20s as the third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, ruled Egypt more than 3,000 years ago. He is credited with expanding ancient Egypt's reach as far as modern Syria to the east and modern Sudan to the south. The expansion earned him the title "Ramses the Great.''
Ramses II ruled Egypt for 60 years — one of the longest stretches in ancient Egypt — and besides his military exploits is known for being a great builder whose image can be seen at a string of sites across the country. Massive statues of the warrior-king can be viewed in Luxor, and his most famous monument is in Abu Simbel, near Sudan.
Osman said the massive portion of the head removed from the ground near a street market was made in the style that Ramses was depicted, and was likely him. The site contained parts of both that statue and another.
A quartzite colossus possibly of Ramses II and a limestone bust of Seti II is seen after it was discovered at the ancient Heliopolis archaeological site in Cairo on March 9. (Photo: Ibrahim Ramadan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
Famed archaeologist Zahi Hawass, Egypt's former antiquities minister, said the area where the head was found is a very important archaeological site containing the remains of temples to Akhenaten and Thutmose III — kings who ruled during the 18th Dynasty — as well as Ramses II.
He said excavating the area is difficult because there are houses and buildings atop the site and the ground below is filled with rainwater. He said the excavated head had been broken in earlier times.
"There is difficulty in the transfer of the relics from the bottom of groundwater to the highest ground,'' he said in a statement Friday.
Egypt is packed with ancient treasures, many of which still remain buried.
In November last year, Egyptian archeologists discovered a village and cemetery used by officials tasked with building royal tombs. The findings at the site some 250 miles (390 kilometres) south of Cairo included 15 large tombs dating back to the Early Dynastic Period, more than 4,500 years ago.
New discoveries in Egyptology resonate outside of Egypt, such as the contested theory that King Tutankhamun's tomb contains additional antechambers.