Chignecto Isthmus, NB (Photo: Mike Dembeck)Canada is a forest nation. About 35 per cent (or roughly 3.48 million square kilometres) of the country is covered by forest. That's an area larger than the size of India! In fact, Canada's forests are bigger than all but five of the world's countries. It's a lot of Canada, and also a lot of the world's forests. Canadians steward about nine per cent of the all the world's forests, but a whopping 25 per cent of the planet's most intact forests.
A country of many forestsOur massive northern boreal forests are some of the largest and most pristine forests left on the planet. They are true wilderness, where ecosystems and species continue to function with minimal human influence.
Backus Woods, ON (Photo: Simon Wilson)These forests are also becoming increasingly fragmented, creating new challenges for wildlife that need large, connected forests. In these southern forests, the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) is working to conserve key sites that still harbour outstanding forest biodiversity, and to protect and restore wildlife corridors that connect our forests.
What is a forest, anyway?According to Natural Resources Canada, a forest is generally characterized by a dense and extensive tree cover. In some places, such as the northern treeline, along the edge of Canada's Prairie, and in drier regions, there is a wide transition zone between forest and open habitats, and trees are more widely spaced.
Fast factsDisturbances shaping forest composition, structure, habitat diversity:
Why forests matter to all CanadiansIn addition to their biodiversity, forests are important for our well-being and economy. Forests supply important ecological services:
- Forests help to control floods;
- Forests purify our air and water;
- Forests hold vast amounts of carbon.
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